Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala


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Bond, J. 1979. Birds of the West Indies. Collins, London.

Cañizares, M. 2012. Amazona leucocephala. In: González Alonso, H., Rodríguez Schettino, L., Rodríguez, A., Mancina, C.A. and Ramos García, I (eds), Libro rojo de los vertebrados de Cuba, pp. 304. Editorial Academia, La Habana.

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Department of Environment. 2019. Parrot Amnesty. Available at: www.doe.ky/resources/newsletters/flicker. (Accessed: 26/01/2020).

Gálvez-Aguilera, X.; Berovides-Alvarez, V.; Wiley, J. W.; Rivera Rosales, J. 1999. Population size of Cuban Parrots Amazona leucocephala and Sandhill Cranes Grus canadensis and community involvement in their conservation in northern Isla de la Juventud, Cuba. Bird Conservation International 9: 97-112.

Haakonsson, J. E. 2020. Update on the Parrot Amnesty Project in the Cayman Islands. Unpublished report, Department of Environment, Cayman Islands.

Haakonsson, J. E.; Harvey, J.; Rivera-Milán, F. F. 2017. Conservation status of Grand Cayman (Amazona leucocephala caymanensis) and Cayman Brac (Amazona leucocephala hesterna) Parrots. The Journal of Caribbean Ornithology 30(1): 33-38.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Juniper, T.; Parr, M. 1998. Parrots: a guide to the parrots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

King, W. B. 1981. Endangered birds of the world: the ICBP bird Red Data Book. Smithsonian Institution Press and International Council for Bird Preservation [bound reissue of King 1978-1979], Washington, D.C.

Marsden, S. 2013. The reality of realty for parrots on Cayman Brac. Available at: http://stuartmarsden.blogspot.co.uk/2013/12/the-reality-of-realty-for-parrots-on.html. (Accessed: 10th October 2016).

O'Brien, J.J., Stahala, C., Mori, G.R., Callaham, M.A. and Bergh, C.M. 2006. Effects of prescribed fire on conditions inside a Cuban parrot (Amazona leucocephala) surrogate nesting cavity on Great Abaco, Bahamas. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118(4): 508-512.

Sibley, C.G. & Monroe, B.L. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Snyder, N.; McGowan, P.; Gilardi, J.; Grajal, A. 2000. Parrots: status survey and conservation action plan 2000-2004. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Stahala, C.; Stafford, M. L. 2004. Caribbean underground: Bahama parrots in the wild. PsittaScene 16: 2-5.

Tracewski, L.; Butchart, S.H.M.; Di Marco, M.; Ficetola, G.F.; Rondinini, C.; Symes, A.; Wheatley, H.; Beresford, A.E. and Buchanan, G.M. 2016. Toward quantification of the impact of 21st-century deforestation on the extinction risk of terrestrial vertebrates. Conservation Biology 30(5): 1070-1079.

Waugh, D. 2006. Hilfe fur die Papageien in Zentral-Kuba. Papageien: 319-322.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Amazona leucocephala. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/cuban-amazon-amazona-leucocephala on 01/10/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 01/10/2023.