Crimson-backed Sunbird Leptocoma minima


Taxonomic note
Leptocoma minima (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously placed in the genus Nectarinia following Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 179,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be locally common (Cheke et al. 2001).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
India N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka U Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
India Amarambalam Reserved Forest - Nilambur
India Anshi National Park
India Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary
India Avalanche (Nilgiri)
India Bandipur National Park
India Berijam (Kodaikanal)
India Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary
India Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary (including Molem)
India Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary
India Bhimgad Forests
India Bison Swamp (Nilgiri)
India Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary
India Cairn Hill Reserve Forest (Nilgiri)
India Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary
India Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary
India Eravikulam National Park
India Governor's Shola (Nilgiri)
India Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park
India INS - Shivaji and adjoining areas, Lonavla
India Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
India Kemmangundi and Bababudan Hills
India Kemphole Reserve Forest
India Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary
India Kudremukh National Park
India Kulahupuzha Reserved Forest
India Longwood Shola - Kothagiri
India Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary and area
India Mudumalai National Park
India Mukurthi National Park (Nilgiris)
India Muthukuzhi
India Naduvattam
India Nelliyampathy (Nemmara Division)
India Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
India Peechi - Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary
India Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
India Poomparai and Kukkal
India Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary
India Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary
India Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary
India Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary
India Shola around Kodaikanal
India Silent Valley National Park
India Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary
India Srivilliputhur Wildlife Sanctuary
India Tadoba National Park and Andhari Tiger Reserve
India Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary
India Thaishola
India Thattekkad Wildlife Sanctuary
India Vazhachal Forest Division
India Wynaad Wildlife Sanctuary

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Leptocoma minima. Downloaded from on 17/10/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 17/10/2019.