LC
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 19 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,380,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 590,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 244000-600000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 115,000-225,000 pairs, which equates to 230,000-450,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms 75-94% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 244,000-600,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria V Extant
Austria V Extant
Chad N Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Ethiopia V Extant
Finland V Extant
France V Extant
Germany V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of V Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya V Extant
Malta V Extant
Morocco N Extant Yes
Netherlands V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Oman V Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Qatar V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Spain V Extant
Sudan N Extant Yes
Sweden V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine V Extant
United Kingdom V Extant
Yemen V Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs
Cyprus Cape Greco
Cyprus Karpas Peninsula
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Cyprus Pafos Forest
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Nisyros island and surrounding islets
Greece Chalki island and surrounding islets
Greece Andros island and surrounding islets
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Patmos island and surrounding islets
Greece Kalymnos, Telendos, Kalolimnos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Mount Kochylas, Skyros
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Astypalaia island and surrounding islets
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mati wetland of Tyrnavos
Greece Serifos island
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lake Dystos
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Lavreotiki peninsula and Patroklos islet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Amorgos island
Greece Zakynthos island
Greece Ios, Sikinos and Folegandros islands
Greece Western, eastern and southern Rhodes
Greece Mount Dikaios, lake Psalidi and Alyki lagoon, Kos
Greece Mount Zakrou, Crete
Greece Mount Foloi
Greece Mount Parnitha
Turkey Karaburun and İldir Strait Islands
Syria Mount Hermon
Jordan Dana
Syria Jabal Slenfeh
Jordan Petra
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Syria Wadi al-Qarn - Burqush
Jordan Shaumari
Lebanon Hima Ebel es-Saqi
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Turkey Alaçatı
Turkey Dilek Peninsula
Turkey Datça and Bozburun Peninsula
Turkey Bey Mountains
Turkey Güllük Mountain
Turkey Köprüçay Valley
Turkey Bolkar Mountains
Turkey Amanos Mountains
Turkey Tahtalı Mountains
Cyprus Diarizos Valley
Cyprus Vouni Panagias
Lebanon Rim - Sannine Mountain
Cyprus Atsas-Agios Theodoros Area
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands
Cyprus Mahairas Forest - Tzionia
Cyprus Xylourikos Valley
Syria Jabal al-Shuah
Turkey Kizildag Izmir
Turkey Mahal Hills
Turkey Bodrum Peninsula
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Northern Chios
Greece Tilos island and surrounding islets

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation marginal resident
Altitude 0 - 1300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Emberiza caesia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/01/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/01/2022.