LC
Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Lophophanes cristatus (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously listed as Parus cristatus.

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status nomadic Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 11,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000000-19999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 5,450,000-9,810,000 pairs, which equates to 10,900,000-19,600,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately >95% of the global range.

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan V Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Balota Jel'nia
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Romania Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Romania Retezat Mountains
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia Karst
Poland Pisz forest
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Litokaira
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Gorgany
United Kingdom Abernethy Forest
United Kingdom Alvie
United Kingdom Cairngorms
United Kingdom Glen Affric to Strathconon
United Kingdom Kinveachy Forest
United Kingdom Loch Vaa
United Kingdom River Spey - Insh Marshes
United Kingdom Anagach Wood
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Val Grande
Italy Assa valley
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Horna Orava
Slovakia Velká Fatra
Slovakia Riecnica
Slovakia Malá Fatra
Slovakia Tríbec
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Tatry
Slovakia Levocské hills
Slovakia Spisská Magura
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Montenegro Biogradska woods
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria Freiwald
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Ibmer Moor
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Karwendel
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Austria Slope forests in the Klostertal
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Luxembourg Region Kiischpelt
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Our
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Sure

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Boreal suitable resident
Forest Temperate major resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Lophophanes cristatus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/07/2020.