LC
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 29,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9.6 - - -

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats (del Hoyo et al. 1996).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
British Indian Ocean Territory N Extant
Comoros N Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel V Extant
Jordan V Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Madagascar N Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives N Extant
Mauritius N Extant
Mayotte (to France) N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Seychelles N Extant
Somalia N Extant Yes
South Africa N Extant
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Turkey V Extant
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bushire Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Iran, Islamic Republic of Nakhilu, Morghu and Ummal Karam islands
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Gaz and Rud-i-Hara deltas
Iraq Khawr Abdallah
Kenya Kiunga Marine National Reserve
Kenya Mida Creek, Whale Island and the Malindi - Watamu coast
Kuwait Ad-Doha Nature Reserve
Kuwait Dawhat Kazima
Kuwait Sulaibikhat Bay
Madagascar Ambavanankarana wetland
Madagascar Lake Ihotry - Mangoky Delta Complex NPA
Oman Barr al Hikman
Oman Masirah island
Saudi Arabia Abu Ali
Saudi Arabia Al-Wajh Bank
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Saudi Arabia Khawr Wahlan
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah
Saudi Arabia Qishran Bay
Seychelles Aldabra Special Reserve
Seychelles Cosmoledo
Somalia Ceel Munye - Ceel Torre
Somalia Jasiira Ceebaad and Jasiira Sacaada Diin
Tanzania Dar es Salaam coast
Tanzania Mafia Island
Tanzania Mnazi Bay
Tanzania Rufiji Delta
Tanzania Tanga South
Tanzania Zanzibar Island-East Coast
Tanzania Zanzibar Island-South Coast
United Arab Emirates Abu Al Abyad Island
United Arab Emirates Ba Al Ghaylam
United Arab Emirates Khor Al Beidah
United Arab Emirates Marawah Island
United Arab Emirates Umm Amim
Yemen Aden
Yemen Al-'Urj
Yemen Al-Mukha - Al-Khawkhah
Yemen Islands north of Al-Hudaydah
Yemen Midi - Al-Luhayyah

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc major breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Dromas ardeola. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/03/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/03/2019.