Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra


BirdLife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Bos, J. and van Noorden, B. 2010. Overwinterende Grauwe Gorzen in Limburg 2000-2010. Aantalsontwikkeling en suggesties voor beheer van akkerreservaten. Limburgse Vogels 20: 24-33.

Brickle, N.W., Harper, D.G.C., Aebischer, N.J. and Cockayne, C.H. 2000. Effects of agricultural intensification on the breeding success of corn buntings Miliaria calandra. Journal of Applied Ecology 37: 742-755.

Crick, H. Q. P.; Dudley, C.; Glue, D.E.; Thomson, D.L. 1997. UK birds are laying earlier. Nature 388: 526.

Donald, P.F. and Forrest, C. 1995. The effects of agricultural change on population size of Corn Buntings Miliaria calandra on individual farms. Bird Study 42: 205-215.

Eaton, M.A., Brown, A.F., Noble, D.G., Musgrove, A.J., Hearn, R., Aebischer, N.J., Gibbons, D.W., Evans, A. and Gregory, R.D. 2009. Birds of Conservation Concern 3: the population status of birds in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man. British Birds 102(6): 296-341.

EBCC. 2018. Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme. Available at:

Forchhammer, M. C.; Post, E.; Stenseth, N. C. 1998. Breeding phenology and climate. Nature 391: 29-30.

Hagemeijer, E.J.M.; Blair, M.J. 1997. The EBCC atlas of European breeding birds: their distribution and abundance. T. and A. D. Poyser, London.

Hustings, F., Borggreve, C., van Turnhout, C. and Thissen, J. 2004. Basisrapport voor de Rode Lijst Vogels volgens Nederlandse en IUCN-criteria. SOVON-onderzoeksrapport 2004/13. SOVON Vogelonderzoek Nederland, Beek-Ubbergen.

IUCN. 2018. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-2. Available at: (Accessed: 15 November 2018).

IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2019).

Keller, V., Gerber, A., Schmid, H., Volet, B. and Zbinden, N. 2010. Liste rouge oiseaux nicheurs. Espèces menacées en Suisse, état 2010. Office fédéral de l’environnement, Berne, et Station ornithologique suisse, Sempach. L’environnement pratique n° 1019.

Madge, S.; de Juana, E. 2017. Corn Bunting (Emberiza calandra). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (ed.), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, pp. (retrieved from on 30 August 2017). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Perkins, A.J., Watson, A., Maggs, H.E. and Wilson, J.D. 2012. Conservation insights from changing associations between habitat, territory distribution and mating systems of Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra over a 20-year population decline. Ibis 154: 601-615.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Emberiza calandra. Downloaded from on 04/12/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 04/12/2020.