LC
Coppery-chested Jacamar Galbula pastazae



Justification

Justification of Red List Category
This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km² combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size may be moderately small to large, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Population justification
The species is described as uncommon to locally fairly common (Schulenberg and Kirwan 2020). Based on the population density of a congener (G. cyanescens in Peru: 6 mature individuals/km2; Santini et al. 2018), and assuming that only 25% of the toal forested area within the range is occupied to account for the species's localised occurrence, the population size may be 42,000 mature individuals. This number however requires confirmation.

Trend justification
Even though its preference for forest edges, treefall gaps and moderately disturbed forested areas that suggest the species may benefit from low levels of deforestation at least on the short-term, it is threatened by the loss and fragmentation of its habitat (Schulenberg and Kirwan 2020). Throughout the range, tree cover is lost at a rate of 3% over three generations (13.5 years; Global Forest Watch 2021, using Hansen et al. [2013] data and methods disclosed therein). Population declines are therefore unlikely to exceed 10% over three generations.

Distribution and population

Galbula pastazae occurs in the foothills and subtropical zone of the Andean east slope in Ecuador (Napo, Tungurahua, Morona-Santiago, Zamora-Chinchipe, Loja), two adjacent east-slope valleys in Colombia (Putumayo and Nariño), and the Cordillera del Cóndor in Peru (Schulenberg and Awbrey 1997, Ridgely et al. 1998, P. G. W. Salaman in litt. 1999).

Ecology

Its main habitat is the understory of humid lower montane forest, where it seems to prefer forest edge and second growth along streams, treefall gaps and landslides as well as near primary forest (Schulenberg and Kirwan 2020). It is found between 600 and 1,700, but mostly between 900 and 1,300 m. Nests with young have been found in December, in holes in earthbanks.

Threats

The lower slopes of the eastern Andes in Ecuador at c.1,000-2,500 are affected by clearance for small-scale agriculture, and for tea and coffee plantations. In Colombia, however, large undisturbed tracts of this forest remains, as the climate and terrain are unsuited for coffee or tea plantations. Throughout the range, tree cover loss is low (3% over three generations; Global Forest Watch 2021, using Hansen et al. [2013] data and methods disclosed therein), and as such habitat loss is at most driving slow population declines.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
The species occurs in several protected areas within its range, including Podocarpus National Park and Cayambe Coca and Antisana Ecological Reserves in Ecuador. It is listed as Vulnerable at the national levels in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru (Renjifo et al. 2014, SERFOR 2018, Freile et al. 2019).

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct surveys in forests of the Andean east slope to find new localities and provide population estimates. Monitor the population trend. Monitor rates of habitat loss within the range. Create protected areas in the lower montane forest within the species's range.

Identification

23 cm. Metallic green, slender and long-tailed bird. Long black bill. Prominent yellowish-orange eye-ring. Metallic green upperparts, throat and breast, with bluish sheen to crown. White chin spot. Coppery-rufous belly and underside of tail. Female has dark rufous throat, bronzy-green upper chest. Dark rufous lower underparts. Eye-ring less prominent. Similar spp. Male White-chinned Jacamar G. tombacea lacks bluish sheen to crown, dark rufous throat and prominent eye-ring. Female lacks dark rufous underparts (not pale ochraceous-cinnamon). Voice Unknown.

Acknowledgements

Text account compilers
Hermes, C.

Contributors
Benstead, P., Capper, D., Isherwood, I., Ridgely, R.S., Salaman, P.G.W., Sharpe, C.J., Stuart, T. & Symes, A.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Galbula pastazae. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/08/2022.