NT
Coppery-bellied Puffleg Eriocnemis cupreoventris



Justification

Justification of Red List Category
Improved knowledge indicates that this species's range no longer approaches the threshold for Vulnerable; however, it is retained as Near Threatened because on-going habitat loss and degradation are thought to be driving a moderately rapid decline in its population.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as uncommon to rare.

Trend justification
This species's population is suspected to be undergoing at least a moderately rapid decline owing to continued habitat loss and degradation in its range.

Distribution and population

Eriocnemis cupreoventris occurs from the Mérida mountains, north-west Venezuela, south along both slopes of the East Andes to Cundinamarca, north-east Colombia (Hilty and Brown 1986, Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990). It is uncommon or rare (Parker et al. 1996, F. G. Stiles in litt. 2000, Hilty 2003).

Ecology

It occurs in montane and elfin forest borders, thickets and shrubbery, páramo vegetation with scattered low shrubs and, in Cundinamarca, secondary scrub (F. G. Stiles in litt. 2000) at 1,950-3,000 m (Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990, Hilty 2003).

Threats

Its habitats in the Colombian east Andes have been extensively degraded, with forest in its lower elevational range, on the western slope, largely cleared for intensive crop cultivation and pasture (Forero 1989). Deforestation is locally severe in Mérida and Táchira, Venezuela, primarily owing to agricultural colonisation, with many areas of páramo and forest already cleared for commercial and subsistence cultivation (Stattersfield et al. 1998).

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Effectively protect and manage protected areas where the species occurs. Monitor population at known sites and attempt to obtain an accurate estimate of its population size and trends. Search for the species in potentially suitable habitat at new sites. Study its ecology and its ability to persist in degraded and fragmented habitats. Quantify extent of habitat losses.

Acknowledgements

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Capper, D., Clay, R., Isherwood, I., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A., Taylor, J.

Contributors
Stiles, F.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Eriocnemis cupreoventris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2021.