NT
Copper-tailed Starling Hylopsar cupreocauda



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Hylopsar cupreocauda (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously listed as Lamprotornis cupreocauda.

 

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Near Threatened A3c+4c
2016 Near Threatened A2c+3c+4c
2012 Near Threatened A2c+3c+4c
2008 Near Threatened A2c; A3c; A4c
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 749,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 100000-499999 not applicable estimated 2021
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 20-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 20-29 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -

Population justification: This species has been recorded at densities of 2-4 pairs/km2 in Liberia (Gatter 1997). Assuming that these densities persist throughout the range, and that it inhabits 20% of the forest within its range (311,000km2 [Global Forest Watch 2020]) the population size is estimated to be 248,000-497,600 mature individuals, placed here in the band 100,000-499,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction and fragmentation.
Between 2000and 2019, this species's range experienced a loss of 21% in forest cover (Global Forest Watch 2020). This equates to a loss of 13% over three generations. Assuming the population declines at a similar rate, the rate of decline is placed in the band 1-15% over the past three generations. Between 2016 and 2019, the range experienced forest cover loss of 8.8% (Global Forest Watch 2020). Projected forward over three generations this equates to a loss of 29%. Assuming that the population declines at a similar rate to forest loss, the future rate of decline is suspected to fall in the band of 20-29% over three generations.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Côte d'Ivoire Gueoule and Glo Mountain Forest Reserves
Côte d'Ivoire Peko Mountain National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Marahoue National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Parc National de Taï et Réserve de faune du N'Zo
Côte d'Ivoire Mopri Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves
Côte d'Ivoire Azagny National Park
Ghana Ankasa Resource Reserve - Nini-Sushien National Park
Ghana Atewa Range Forest Reserve
Ghana Bia National Park and Resource Reserve
Ghana Boin Tano Forest Reserve
Ghana Boin River Forest Reserve
Ghana Bura River Forest Reserve
Ghana Cape Three Points Forest Reserve
Ghana Dadieso Forest Reserve
Ghana Draw River Forest Reserve
Ghana Ebi River Shelterbelt Forest Reserve
Ghana Fure River Forest Reserve
Ghana Jema-Asemkrom Forest Reserve
Ghana Kakum National Park - Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve
Ghana Mamiri Forest Reserve
Ghana Subri River Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Anwia Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Ehuro Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Nimiri Forest Reserve
Ghana Yoyo River Forest Reserve
Guinea Diécké
Liberia Wologizi mountains
Liberia Wonegizi mountains
Liberia Lofa-Gola-Mano Complex
Liberia Nimba mountains
Liberia Lake Piso (Cape Mount)
Liberia Zwedru
Liberia Cestos - Senkwen
Liberia Grebo
Sierra Leone Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Kambui Hills Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Gola Forests

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Hylopsar cupreocauda. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2022.