Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 20,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 12,200,000 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals 77000000 poor estimated 2019
Population trend decreasing estimated -
Generation length (years) 2.84 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 77 million mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2019).

Trend justification: The species is undergoing a moderate decline (Partners in Flight 2019; Rosenberg et al. 2019). Short-term trends suggest that the population has been declining by 4% over the past ten years (Pardieck et al. 2018).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) extant vagrant yes
Antigua and Barbuda extant vagrant yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) extant vagrant yes
Bahamas extant native yes
Barbados extant vagrant yes
Belize extant native yes
Bermuda (to UK) extant vagrant
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) extant vagrant yes
Canada extant native yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) extant native yes
Colombia extant vagrant yes
Costa Rica extant native yes
Cuba extant native yes
Curaçao (to Netherlands) extant vagrant yes
Dominica extant vagrant yes
Dominican Republic extant native yes
El Salvador extant native yes
Greenland (to Denmark) extant vagrant
Guadeloupe (to France) extant vagrant yes
Guatemala extant native yes
Haiti extant native yes
Honduras extant native yes
Jamaica extant native yes
Martinique (to France) extant vagrant yes
Mexico extant native yes yes yes
Montserrat (to UK) extant vagrant yes
Nicaragua extant native yes
Panama extant native yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) extant native yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) extant vagrant yes
St Kitts and Nevis extant vagrant yes
St Lucia extant vagrant yes
St Martin (to France) extant vagrant yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) extant native yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines extant vagrant yes
Trinidad and Tobago extant vagrant yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) extant native yes
United Kingdom extant vagrant
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) extant vagrant yes
USA extant native yes yes yes yes
Venezuela extant vagrant yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) extant native yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Altitude 0 - 2800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Geothlypis trichas. Downloaded from on 03/10/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 03/10/2023.