LC
Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 22,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as widespread and common (Clement 1999), while the population in Taiwan has been estimated at < c.10,000 introduced breeding pairs (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) I Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant Yes
Brazil I Extant Yes
Burundi N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Cape Verde I Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Congo N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
French Polynesia I Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Lesotho N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant Yes
Mali V Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) I Extant
Mauritius I Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant Yes
Namibia N Extant Yes
New Caledonia (to France) I Extant Yes
Niger V Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Portugal I Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) I Extant Yes
Réunion (to France) I Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
São Tomé e Príncipe N Extant Yes
Seychelles I Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
South Africa N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain I Extant Yes
St Helena (to UK) I Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Swaziland N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Trinidad and Tobago I Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
Uruguay I Extant Yes
USA I Extant Yes
Vanuatu I Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2400 m

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Estrilda astrild. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2018.