Common Teal Anas crecca


Taxonomic source(s)
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2005 Least Concern
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 48,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 119,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.3 - - -

Population justification: The overall population is estimated at 6,600,000-7,700,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 557,000-915,000 pairs, which equates to 1,110,000-1,830,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are stable, increasing or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). This species has had stable population trends over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007). In Europe the population size trend is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant Yes
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Austria N Extant Yes Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahamas N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Barbados N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) N Extant
Bhutan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Cambodia N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cuba N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Dominica N Extant Yes
Dominican Republic N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
El Salvador N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) V Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Guinea V Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Haiti N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iceland N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Jamaica N Extant
Japan N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant
Laos N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malaysia N Extant Yes
Maldives N Extant
Mali N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Panama V Extant Yes
Philippines N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Singapore N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant Yes
St Lucia N Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant Yes
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Uganda N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Albania Karavasta Lagoon
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Bangladesh Aila Beel
Bangladesh Hakaluki Haor
Bangladesh Jamuna-Brahmaputra river
Bangladesh Muhuri Dam
Bangladesh Tanguar Haor and Panabeel
Belgium Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde
Belgium IJzervallei-De Blankaart
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde
China (mainland) Desert and wetland from Northern Urumqi to Dabancheng
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan
China (mainland) Qinghai Hu (Koko Nor)
China (mainland) Taipo Hu Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Tumen River at Jingxin-Fangchuan
China (mainland) Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve
Denmark Ballum og Husum Enge, Kamper strandenge
Denmark Nissum Fjord
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Saltbæk Vig
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Väinameri
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Camargue
France Domaine d'Orx
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Dollart
Germany Dümmer
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Helme reservoir Berga-Kelbra
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Mühlenberger Loch
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Evros delta
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Lake Fertő
India Kanjli Lake
India Navelim wetland
India Saman Bird Sanctuary
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Fereidoonkenar marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Japan Lake Kasumigaura, Ukisima
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System
Kazakhstan Sarykopa Lake System
Mexico Bahía de Ceuta-Cospita
Mexico Complejo de Humedales del Noroeste de Chihuahua
Mexico Estero Cardonal
Mongolia Khar Us Lake
Mongolia Selengiin Tsagaan Lake
Mongolia Teshigiin Olon Lakes
Montenegro Lake Skadar
Netherlands Dollard
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Niger Dan Doutchi wetland
Norway Dokkadelta
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Pakistan Drigh Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakistan Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakistan Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands
Pakistan Manchar Lake
Pakistan Mangla Lake
Pakistan Marala Game Reserve
Pakistan Mehboob Shah Lake
Pakistan Phoosna Wetlands Complex
Pakistan Pugri Lake
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakistan Rasool Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Portugal Tejo estuary
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Lake Oltina
Russia (Asian) Bolon' lake
Russia (Asian) Chelomdzha valley and Kava-Chelomdzha interfluve
Russia (Asian) Forty islands
Russia (Asian) Kharchinskoye lake
Russia (Asian) Kronotskiy Gulf
Russia (Asian) Parapol'skiy valley
Russia (Asian) Zhupanovskiy lagoon
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob'
Russia (European) Bulgarski
Russia (European) Kamsko-Ikski area
Russia (European) Kuloy river
South Korea Cheonsu Bay
Spain Ebro delta
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Taiwan, China Kuantu
Taiwan, China Taipei City Waterbird Refuge
Turkey Burdur Lake
Turkey Çorak Lake
Turkey Gediz Delta
Turkey Göksu Delta
Turkey Meriç Delta
Turkey Seyhan Delta
Turkey Sultan Marsh
Turkey Tuz Lake
Turkmenistan Turkmenbashy Bay
Ukraine Dnister delta
United Kingdom Loch Leven
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors
United Kingdom The Swale
USA Bear River Bay UT02
Uzbekistan Karnabchul Steppe
Vietnam Tram Chim

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Anas crecca. Downloaded from on 03/04/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 03/04/2020.