Common Stonechat Saxicola torquatus


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2020 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 13 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 113,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 84,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 55000000-94999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 5,790,000-9,310,000 pairs, which equates to 11,600,000-18,600,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.20% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 58,000,000-93,000,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The European population trend between 1989 and 2013 was stable (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Brunei V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada V Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Comoros N Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia V Extant
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant Yes
Indonesia V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant Yes
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Lesotho N Extant
Liberia V Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Madagascar N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Mayotte (to France) N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia V Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Korea N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Slovenia Ljubljansko moor
Slovenia Ribnica valley
Slovenia Reka valley
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia River Mura
Slovenia Goričko
Slovenia Karst
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Parczew forests
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Lefka Ori mountains, Crete
Greece Prasson gorge, Crete
Greece Mount Idi, Crete
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas), Crete
Greece Northern Sifnos
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Mount Kryoneritis, Crete
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Mounts Agia Dynati and Kokkini Rachi, Kefalonia
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Lake Kalodiki, Margariti and Karteri marshes
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Artemisio and Lyrkeio mountains
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Paramythia mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Serifos island
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Samothraki island
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Upper Tisza
Hungary Pacsmag Lakes of Regöly
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Udaj river valley
Ukraine Mokri Yasli forestry plantation
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Marais de Sacy
United Kingdom Avon Valley
United Kingdom Bodmin Moor
United Kingdom Dorset Heaths and Forests
United Kingdom New Forest
United Kingdom Exmoor Coast and Heaths
United Kingdom Forest of Clunie
United Kingdom Ladder Hills
United Kingdom West Penwith Coast and Moors
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Adda mouth
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Piave river
Italy Taro river
Italy Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Valli di Argenta
Italy Ortazzo and Ortazzino
Italy Vico lake
Italy Lake Bracciano and surrounding areas
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Diaccia Botrona
Italy Cape Otranto and Cape Santa Maria di Leuca coast
Italy Alpi Apuane
Italy Colfiorito
Italy Assa valley
Italy Ponte Buriano-Lago della Penna
Czechia Beskydy mountains
Czechia Doupov hills
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Jegricka
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Zasavica
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Danube loess bluffs
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Cer mountain
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Sysľovské fields
Slovakia Horná Orava
Slovakia Senné
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Tríbeč
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolické hills
Serbia Derdap gorge
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Austria Austrian part of Hanság
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Lobau
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Freiwald
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Unterlammer hill country
Austria Lower Mur valley
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Austria Heideboden
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Recker Moor/ Düsterdieker Niederung/ Seester Feld
Germany Medebacher Bucht
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Engerhafer Meede
Germany Esterweger Dose
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Hamme lowlands
Germany Tinner Dose and Staverner Dose
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Wümmewiesen near Fischerhude
Germany Dalum Wietmarscher swamp
Germany Georgsdorfer swamp
Germany Jammertal
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Wulfener Bruch and Teichgebiet Osternienburg
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Gladenbach mountains east of Herborn
Germany Lorsch forest and Vierheim heathland
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Kaiserstuhl
Russia (Central Asian) Kisluhinskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'"
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog
Russia (Central Asian) Ir valley
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtuguz Lake
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Austria Western Waldviertel
Netherlands Meinweg
Austria Western Weinviertel
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria
Austria Ibmer Moor
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Italy Lagorai mountains
Austria Inn valley between Stams and Haiming
Austria Riede in the northern Rhein valley
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Italy Ticino river
Netherlands Duinen en Lage Land Texel
Italy Grigne
Netherlands Sallandse Heuvelrug
Netherlands Groote Peel
Netherlands Fochteloërveen
Netherlands Bargerveen
Netherlands Drents-Friese Wold & Leggelderveld
Netherlands Dwingelderveld
Netherlands Kampina & Oisterwijkse Vennen
Germany Leeg-, Melm- and Kuhdammoor
Germany Nemitzer Heide
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Esterweger Dose
Germany Engdener Wüste
Germany Südradde lowlands
Germany Norden-Esens, inland
Germany Thülsfeld reservoir
Germany Huvenhoopsmor and Breddorfer Wiesen
Germany Military training area Munster-Nord
Germany Military training area Munster-Süd
Germany Unterlüß / Kiehnmoor
Germany Mittleres Wietingsmoor
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Sewage farm Freiburg
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Gohrischheide
Germany Wümme lowlands Borgfeld-Fischerhude
Germany Retzower Heide
Germany Wetterau
Germany Neckar oxbows in the Hessian Ried
Germany Mönchbruch of Mörfelden and Rüsselsheim and heath extensions (GG)
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Lowlands of the Rivers Eider, Treene and Sorge
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Heidmoor lowlands
Germany Haaler Au lowlands
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Alzette
Saudi Arabia Raydah escarpment
Kyrgyzstan Karkyra Valley
Armenia Jermook
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Upper Charyn
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Alpine Wetlands (includes temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Alpine Wetlands (includes temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Indirect ecosystem effects, Species disturbance
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression - Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Ecosystem degradation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Saxicola torquatus. Downloaded from on 31/01/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 31/01/2023.