LC
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Gallinago gallinago and G. delicata (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as G. gallinago following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
2012 Not Recognised
2008 Not Recognised
2005 Not Recognised
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 21,500,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 112,000,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 15000000-29000000 medium 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.8 - - -

Population justification:

The total population is estimated to number over 4,000,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006). The European population alone has recently been estimated at 2,670,000-5,060,000 pairs, which equates to 5,350,000-10,100,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 35% of the species's global range therefore a very preliminary estimate of the species's global population size would be 15,000,000-29,000,000 mature individuals although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The overall population trend may be decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated to have experienced a moderate decline between 1980 and 2013 (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Benin N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Brunei N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Burundi N Extant Yes
Cambodia N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Cape Verde V Extant
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes Yes
Congo N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) U Presence Uncertain
Guinea N Extant Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iceland N Extant Yes Yes
India N Extant Yes
Indonesia N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes Yes
Malawi N Extant Yes
Malaysia N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) V Extant
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Philippines N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Singapore U Presence Uncertain
Slovakia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Phasouri reedbeds
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Nólsoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Skúvoy
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Azerbaijan Karayazi forest
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Belarus Balota Dzikoje
Belarus Yaselda
Belarus Sporovo
Belarus Balota Zvaniec
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Sialiec
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Beresina
Belarus Balota Jel'nia
Belarus Sož floodplain
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Zachodniaja Biarezina
Belarus Haradzienskaja Svislač
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Estonia Nätsi-Võlla
Estonia Puhatu mire
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Pape
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Rotbav fish-ponds
Romania Stânca lake - Costeşti
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Iceland Ósasvædi Ölfusár
Iceland Hörgárósar
Ireland Sheskinmore Lough
Ireland Drumcliff Bay and Ballintemple
Ireland Broadhaven, Blacksod and Tullaghan Bays and parts of the Mullet peninsula
Ireland Inishkea Islands
Ireland Dungarvan Harbour
Ireland River Shannon callows: Portumna-Athlone
Ireland Dunfanaghy New Lake
Ireland West Donegal coast
Ireland Falcarragh to Min an Chladaigh
Slovenia Ljubljansko moor
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Slovenia Planina polje
Slovenia Ribnica valley
Slovenia Nanoščica river basin
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans
Belgium Vallei van de Zwarte Beek
Belgium Bokrijk
Sweden River Klingaälv – Lake Kranke
Sweden Ottenby
Sweden Coastal area (including seaside meadows) of Eastern Öland
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lake Ralången – Lake Hyllingen
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
Sweden Sandemar
Sweden Lake Östra Styran
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Chelm calcareous marshes
Poland Bubnow Marsh
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Nietlice marshes
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Ner River Valley
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Artzan reservoir
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Netherlands Weerribben
Netherlands De Wieden
Netherlands Ilperveld, Varkensland, Oostzanerveld & Twiske
Netherlands Oostzanerveld
Netherlands Bargerveen
Finland Eckerö and Hammarland archipelago
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Korppoo and Nauvo southern archipelago
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Sundominlahti Bay and Söderfjärden
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Rumala-Kuvaja-Oudonrimmet
Finland Tornionjoki Delta
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Joutsenaapa-Kaita-aapa
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Luosto
Finland Kevo
Finland South-eastern Kittilä mires
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Hungary Tápió valley
Russia (European) Berezoviye islands of Vyborg Bay
Russia (European) Stakhovski marshes
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (European) Mouth of Yeya river
Russia (European) Cheremshanski Bay of Kuybyshev Reservoir
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Supij marsh
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Udaj river valley
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Oril' river valley
Ukraine Mzha river valley
Ukraine Chonovyny marsh
Ukraine Latorytsya river valley near Chop
Ukraine Izyums'ka Luka forest
Ukraine Bakhtyn river valley
Ukraine Radomyshl's'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Samara river valley
Ukraine Vovk river valley
Ukraine Orikhivski lake-system
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Domaine d'Orx
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie
France Arjuzanx
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Estuaire de l'Orne
France Littoral Augeron
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Vilaine
France Rade de Lorient
France Baie de Quiberon
France Baie de Goulven
France Plateau Ardennais
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Confluent des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Blois
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
France Brenne centrale
France Vallée de la Loire : confluence Loire-Vienne
France Basse vallée de L'Indre
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Etangs de Sologne: étang de l'Arche
France Vallée du Fouzon
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Mars sur Allier
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Etang de Biguglia
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Boucle de Pose et de Muids
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Etang de Lindre
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Etang des Landes
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Vallée de la Garonne : Moissac
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Cap Gris-nez
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance
France Camargue
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Marais de Manteyer
France Basse vallée du Var
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Bonne Anse
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Marais de Sacy
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Marais de la Souche
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Marais de Brière
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France La Dombes
France Val de Saône
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Plaine du Forez
France Ile de la Platière
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Lac et marais du Bourget
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
United Kingdom Abberton Reservoir
United Kingdom Abernethy Forest
United Kingdom Arun Valley
United Kingdom Avon Valley
United Kingdom Belfast Lough
United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes
United Kingdom Bodmin Moor
United Kingdom Bowland Fells
United Kingdom Breckland
United Kingdom Bridgend Flats, Islay
United Kingdom Burry Inlet
United Kingdom Caithness Lochs
United Kingdom Carlingford Lough
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Chesil Beach and the Fleet
United Kingdom Chew Valley
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Copinsay
United Kingdom Dyfi Estuary/Aber Dyfi
United Kingdom Creag Meagaidh
United Kingdom Crussa Field and the Heogs
United Kingdom Deben Estuary
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary
United Kingdom Dundrum Inner Bay
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels
United Kingdom East Sanday
United Kingdom Calf of Eday
United Kingdom Eden Estuary, Tentsmuir Point and Abertay Sands
United Kingdom Elenydd - Mallaen
United Kingdom Exe Estuary
United Kingdom Fetlar
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary
United Kingdom Gladhouse Reservoir
United Kingdom Greenlaw Moor
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Handa
United Kingdom Hill of Colvadale and Sobul
United Kingdom Holburn Lake and Moss
United Kingdom Din Moss and Hoselaw Loch
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Inner Clyde
United Kingdom Killough Bay
United Kingdom Kinveachy Forest
United Kingdom Larne Lough
United Kingdom Lea Valley
United Kingdom Leighton Moss
United Kingdom Lewis Peatlands
United Kingdom Lindisfarne
United Kingdom Gruinart Flats
United Kingdom Loch Leven
United Kingdom Loch Lomond
United Kingdom Loch of Isbister
United Kingdom Loch of Kinnordy
United Kingdom Loch of Strathbeg
United Kingdom Loch Ruthven
United Kingdom Mointeach Scadabhaigh
United Kingdom Loch Tarff and nearby lochs
United Kingdom Loch of Inch and Torrs Warren
United Kingdom Lochs of Harray and Stenness
United Kingdom Lochs of Spiggie and Brow
United Kingdom Lough Foyle and River Foyle
United Kingdom Lough Neagh and Lough Beg
United Kingdom Martin Mere
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Mill Dam, Shapinsay
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Montrose Basin
United Kingdom Moorland Areas, Central Shetland
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom Nene Washes
United Kingdom Broadland
United Kingdom North Colonsay and Western Cliffs
United Kingdom North Mainland Coast
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom North Pennine Moors
United Kingdom North Ronaldsay Coast
United Kingdom North Uist Machair and Islands
United Kingdom North Yorkshire Moors
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Outer Ards
United Kingdom Pagham Harbour
United Kingdom Papa Westray (North Hill and Holm)
United Kingdom Pettigoe Plateau
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Portsmouth Harbour
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Rinns of Islay
United Kingdom River Spey - Insh Marshes
United Kingdom Rutland Water
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors
United Kingdom South Tayside Goose Roosts
United Kingdom Uists Machairs, Lochs and Coast
United Kingdom South Westray Coast
United Kingdom South-eastern Stronsay
United Kingdom South-west London Waterbodies
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Stodmarsh
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom Swansea Bay - Blackpill
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Taw and Torridge Estuary
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Thanet Coast and Sandwich Bay
United Kingdom New Forest
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Tiree and Coll
United Kingdom Traeth Lafan, Conwy Bay
United Kingdom Upper Lough Erne
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes
United Kingdom Walmore Common
United Kingdom Ornkey Mainland Moors
United Kingdom Eoligarry, Barra
United Kingdom West Westray
United Kingdom Wigtown Bay
United Kingdom Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch
United Kingdom Muirkirk and North Lowther Uplands
United Kingdom Antrim Hills
United Kingdom Forest of Clunie
United Kingdom Frome Flood-plain
United Kingdom Upper Deeside Plantations
United Kingdom Loch Ryan
United Kingdom Mochrum and Castle Lochs
United Kingdom North Wales Coast
United Kingdom Park, Lewis
United Kingdom Sounds around Wyre
United Kingdom South Walls and Switha
United Kingdom Suffolk Sandlings
United Kingdom Breydon Water
United Kingdom West Coast of Benbecula
United Kingdom Guernsey Shoreline
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Luxembourg Aspelt - Lannebur, am Kessel
Luxembourg Haff Réimech
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Alzette
Czechia Doupov hills
Serbia Zasavica
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Norway Lista wetland system
Austria Austrian part of Hanság
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Western Weinviertel
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Freiwald
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Ibmer Moor
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Grosser and Kleiner Binnensee
Germany Strand lakes and fish-ponds in south-western Fehmarn
Germany Neustädter Bucht
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Tinner Dose and Staverner Dose
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Fehntjer Tief
Germany Hunte lowlands near Oldenburg
Germany Hamme lowlands
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Dümmer
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Lower Aller lowlands
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Federseeried
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Vogelfreistätte Alter and Neuer See
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Ammersee
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Isles of Oie and Kirr
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Niers valley
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Helme reservoir Berga-Kelbra
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Spreewald
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Westerzgebirge around Carlsfeld
Germany Eastern Erzgebirge around Fürstenau
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Borgfelder Wümmewiesen
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Recker Moor/ Düsterdieker Niederung/ Seester Feld
Germany Wet grasslands and forests around Burbach
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Medebacher Bucht
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Winsener Elbmarsch
Germany Viehmoor with Leiferder Teiche
Germany Dalum Wietmarscher swamp
Germany Aper Tief
Germany Kleinringer and Großringer Wösten
Germany Old Picardie
Germany Georgsdorfer swamp
Germany Leeg-, Melm- and Kuhdammoor
Germany Esterweger Dose
Germany Leda-Jümme lowlands
Germany Jammertal
Germany Südradde lowlands
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Valley of River Ems
Germany Engerhafer Meede
Germany Wümmewiesen near Fischerhude
Germany Riddagshäuser Teiche
Germany Wendesser moor
Germany Land Wursten
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Gladenbach mountains east of Herborn
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Rothenbach pond
Germany Reichlos pond
Germany Rotes Moor
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Germany Heidmoor lowlands
Luxembourg Valley of the Syre
Croatia Lower Posavina
Croatia Nasicka Breznica fish-ponds
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Fereidoonkenar marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hashelan marsh and Doh Tappeh plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Kuwait Sulaibikhat Bay
Saudi Arabia King Faisal Airbase, Tabuk
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Al-Hasa lagoons
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Belarus Sporaŭskaje balota
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Russia (Central Asian) Busly lake
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob'
Russia (Central Asian) Kataiginskiye bogs
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhneoschskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of river Irtysh near village Atak
Russia (Central Asian) Vodorazdel'naya
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Zvanichevo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Kazakhstan Kultansor and Tatysor Lakes
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Russia (European) Floodplain of Pjana river near village Sarga
Russia (European) Floodplain of Moksha river and Common Crane autumn aggegation near villages Khohlikha and Shaprikha
Russia (Central Asian) Zingeika lake
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Yuribey
Austria Riede in the northern Rhein valley
Kazakhstan Shaglyteniz Lake and marshes
Kazakhstan Irtysh-Karaganda Waterworks 9
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Nielisz Site
Sweden Bog of Komosse
Poland Skaliskie Forest
Poland Polesie
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Turkmenistan Mergen
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Tuchola Forest
Slovenia Kozjansko - Jovsi
Croatia Lika Karst Fields
Poland Brzeszcze ponds
Ukraine Reservoir on r. Chechva with territories adjacent
Ukraine Chornobyl zone
Ukraine Urochysche Mushevo
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Luxembourg Valley of the Trëtterbaach
Luxembourg Valley of the Woltz
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Karkyra Valley
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Norway Andøya (including Skogvoll)
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Dollart
Germany Gildehauser Venn
Germany Geeste lowlands near Bramel
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Esterweger Dose
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Aisch-Regnitz-Grund
Germany Rodachaue / Itzgrund / Oberes Maintal incl. Nassanger near Trieb and surrounding gravel pits
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, embanked area
Germany Lucie and Landwehr
Germany Groß Fullener Moor
Germany Wittmund-Wangerland
Germany Butjadingen
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Murnauer Moos and Loisach-Kochel-Moore
Germany Einswarder Plate / Tegeler Plate
Germany Huvenhoopsmor and Breddorfer Wiesen
Germany Drennhauser Hinterdeich
Germany Hohe Geest near Himbergen / Bad Bodenteich
Germany Mittleres Wietingsmoor
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Renchniederung
Germany Baar
Germany Lappen near Walldürn
Germany Donauried
Germany Wurzacher Ried
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Eastern part of Kiel Bight
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Wetterau
Germany Middle Fulda valley
Germany Schwalmaue around Schwalmstadt
Germany Neckar oxbows in the Hessian Ried
Germany Mönchbruch of Mörfelden and Rüsselsheim and heath extensions (GG)
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Wümme lowlands Borgfeld-Fischerhude
Germany Schlei
Germany Lowlands of the Rivers Eider, Treene and Sorge
Germany Oldenburger Graben and Wesseker See
Germany Werra meadows near Bad Salzungen
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Oberwesterwald, incl. Westerwald lake area and Neunkhausener Plateau
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Germany Flensburger Innen- and Aussenförde
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Gotteskoogsee
Germany Kudensee
Norway Øvre Forra
Kazakhstan Shalkar Lake
Iceland Brunasandur
Mauritania Lac de Mâl
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Taavavuoma
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Lake Laidaure
Kazakhstan Ters-Ashchibulak Reservoir
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains
Kazakhstan Eastern Kazakhstan uplands
Kazakhstan Zhagalbayly and Tuyemoynak Hills
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Mauritania Chott Boul

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Gallinago gallinago. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/07/2020.