LC
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 31,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 42,700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 415000-500000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.9 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 625,000-750,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). This roughly equates to 415,000-500,000 mature individuals. The European population is estimated at 50,800-68,900 pairs, which equates to 102,000-138,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although several populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). In Europe, the population trend is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea-Bissau V Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos V Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar V Extant
Nepal V Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestine N Extant Yes
Philippines V Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal V Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan V Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China V Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Thailand V Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam V Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool
Montenegro Ulcinj saltpans
Azerbaijan Pirsagat Islands and Los Island
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Romania Lake Taşaul
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Lake Strachina
Romania Lake Tataru
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Ireland Carlingford Lough
Ireland Dundalk Bay
Ireland Rogerstown estuary
Ireland Dublin Bay
Ireland Bannow Bay
Ireland Dungarvan Harbour
Ireland Cork Harbour
Ireland Shannon and Fergus Estuaries
Ireland Malahide/ Broadmeadow Estuary
Belgium Kuifeend and Blokkersdijk
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde
Belgium Zwin
Belgium Polderkomplex
Belgium Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde
Turkey Akyatan Lake
Sweden River Klingaälv – Lake Kranke
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lundåkra Bight
Sweden Bay of Torslanda
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Mietkow reservoir
Poland Warta River Mouth
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Evros delta
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Psili Ammos lagoon, Samos
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Lakes Vegoritis and Petron
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Lagoons of Kerkyra island
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Groningen Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Netherlands Texel: Schorren and Zeeburg
Netherlands Duinen Vlieland
Netherlands Griend
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat
Netherlands Duinen Ameland
Netherlands Engelsmanplaat
Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog
Netherlands Rottumerplaat
Netherlands Rottumeroog
Netherlands Balgzand
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Netherlands Dollard
Netherlands Westplaat
Netherlands Duinen Goeree & Kwade Hoek
Netherlands Haringvliet
Netherlands Krammer-Volkerak
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Markiezaat
Netherlands Veerse Meer
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Finland Föglö southern archipelago
Finland Eckerö and Hammarland archipelago
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Korppoo and Nauvo southern archipelago
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Alajoki
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Russia (European) Novokvasnikovski liman
Russia (European) Western Ilmen area
Russia (European) Lake Manych-Gudilo
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes
Spain Salt-pans of Ibiza and Formentera and Freus isles
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Burshtyns'ke reservoir
Ukraine Kuyal'nyts'kyj lyman
Ukraine Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system
Ukraine Budats'kyj lyman
Ukraine Dnipro delta
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Askania-Nova Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Tarkhankuts'kyj peninsula
Ukraine Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni
Ukraine Molochna river valley
Ukraine Lake near Magazinka village
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Domaine d'Orx
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Iles Chausey
France Littoral Augeron
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Iles de la Colombière, de la Nellière et des Haches
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Vilaine
France Rade de Lorient
France Baie de Quiberon
France Baie de Goulven
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Blois
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
France Brenne centrale
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etang de Lindre
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Etang des Landes
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etang du Bagnas
France Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Vallée de la Garonne : Moissac
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Cap Gris-nez
France Camargue
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Bonne Anse
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Marais de Sacy
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Marais de Brière
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Marais salants de Noirmoutier
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France La Dombes
France Val de Saône
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Plaine du Forez
France Ile de la Platière
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Lac et marais du Bourget
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
France Archipel des Sept-Iles
France Archipel de Molène
France Cap Sizun
France Etang de Thau
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Iles d'Hyères
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Pointe de Grave
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Marais de la Souche
United Kingdom Abberton Reservoir
United Kingdom Arun Valley
United Kingdom Avon Valley
United Kingdom Belfast Lough
United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes
United Kingdom Breckland
United Kingdom Bridgend Flats, Islay
United Kingdom Burry Inlet
United Kingdom Caithness Lochs
United Kingdom Carlingford Lough
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Chesil Beach and the Fleet
United Kingdom Chew Valley
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Dyfi Estuary/Aber Dyfi
United Kingdom Deben Estuary
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary
United Kingdom Dundrum Inner Bay
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels
United Kingdom Eden Estuary, Tentsmuir Point and Abertay Sands
United Kingdom Exe Estuary
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Inner Clyde
United Kingdom Killough Bay
United Kingdom Larne Lough
United Kingdom Lea Valley
United Kingdom Leighton Moss
United Kingdom Lindisfarne
United Kingdom Gruinart Flats
United Kingdom Loch Leven
United Kingdom Loch Lomond
United Kingdom Loch of Strathbeg
United Kingdom Loch of Inch and Torrs Warren
United Kingdom Lochs of Spiggie and Brow
United Kingdom Lough Foyle and River Foyle
United Kingdom Lough Neagh and Lough Beg
United Kingdom Martin Mere
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Montrose Basin
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom Nene Washes
United Kingdom Broadland
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Outer Ards
United Kingdom Pagham Harbour
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Portsmouth Harbour
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Rosehearty to Fraserburgh Coast
United Kingdom Rutland Water
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors
United Kingdom South-west London Waterbodies
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Stodmarsh
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom Swansea Bay - Blackpill
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Taw and Torridge Estuary
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Thanet Coast and Sandwich Bay
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Traeth Lafan, Conwy Bay
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes
United Kingdom Walmore Common
United Kingdom Wigtown Bay
United Kingdom Ynys Feurig, Cemlyn Bay and the Skerries
United Kingdom Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch
United Kingdom Benacre to Easton Bavents
United Kingdom Frome Flood-plain
United Kingdom Loch Ryan
United Kingdom Cnuic Agus Cladach Mhuile
United Kingdom Mochrum and Castle Lochs
United Kingdom North Wales Coast
United Kingdom North Westray Coast
United Kingdom Scapa Flow
United Kingdom Sounds around Wyre
United Kingdom South Cornwall Coast
United Kingdom Suffolk Sandlings
United Kingdom Breydon Water
United Kingdom West Coast of Benbecula
Italy Manfredonia Gulf wetlands
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Po Delta
Italy Cervia saltpans
Italy Lake Alviano
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Ortazzo and Ortazzino
Italy Le Cesine
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans
Albania Narta Lagoon
Sweden Coastal area (including seaside meadows) of Eastern Öland
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Black Sea
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Denmark Nissum Fjord
Denmark Parts of Randers and Mariager Fjords
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Denmark Coast between Dokkedal and Lyngså
Denmark Fanø
Denmark Agger Tange and Krik Vig
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Georgia Kolkheti
Norway Ørlandet
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Norway Lista wetland system
Norway Skjernøy, South Skerries
Norway Runde
Norway Inner Porsangerfjord
Poland Puck Bay
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Westrügen - Hiddensee - Zingst
Germany Isles of Langenwerder and Walfisch
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Mühlenberger Loch
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Borgfelder Wümmewiesen
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Isles of Oie and Kirr
Germany Island of Usedom
Germany Flensburger Innen- and Aussenförde
Germany Schlei
Germany Southern shore of Eckernförder Bucht
Germany Coastline of Probstei
Germany Strand lakes and fish-ponds in south-western Fehmarn
Germany Western and northern coast of Fehmarn: Krummsteert-Puttgarden
Germany Neustädter Bucht
Germany Hohwachter Bucht
Germany Grosser and Kleiner Binnensee
Germany Western bay of the Fehmarnsund
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Weserstaustufe Schlüsselburg
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Hunte lowlands near Oldenburg
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Deichvorland Oderbruch
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Starnberger See
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Croatia Neretva Delta
Croatia Vrana Lake and Jasen
Croatia Grudnjak fish-ponds
Algeria Sebkhet Baker
Algeria Chott de Tinnsilt
Algeria Sebkhet Ez-Zemoul
Morocco Merja Zerga
Tunisia Sebkhet Sejoumi
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia
Denmark Northwestern Kattegat
Ukraine Berezans'kyj lyman and Solonets Tuzly pond
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gordeh Git and Mamiyand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area
Jordan Azraq
Russia (European) Turali lakes
Bangladesh Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta
China (mainland) Shuangtai (Shuangtaizi) Estuary and Inner Gulf of Liaodong
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area
Mongolia Khar Us Lake
Mongolia Boon Tsagaan Lake
Mongolia Khomiin Tal
Mongolia Ulziitiin Sangiin Dalai Lake
Mongolia Buir Lake
Mongolia Tashgain Tavan Lakes
Mongolia Tsengeleg Lakes
Mongolia Ganga Lakes
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
South Korea Yubu-do island
South Korea Suncheon Bay
South Korea Gangjin Bay
South Korea Nakdong-gang estuary
Russia (European) Shabel'skaya sand-spit
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koye lake near Karas'ye village
Russia (Central Asian) Gorkye Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Mouth of the Uy river
Russia (Central Asian) Siverga lake
Russia (Central Asian) Burlinskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Travykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Filatovo
Russia (Central Asian) Bitter-salty lakes in the West of steppe Kurumbelskoj
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Shahdidi spit
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Russia (Central Asian) Troitskaya steppe
Russia (Central Asian) Blagoveschenskaya (Kulunda lake and vicinity)
Russia (Central Asian) Kartabyz and Lebedinoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koe, Krivoe and Zhuravlinoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Greater and Lesser Alekaj Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'ko-Solenoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Togusak valley
Russia (Central Asian) Gorbunnoe and Solenoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Kyzil-Chilik valley
Russia (European) Khanskoye Lake
Russia (European) Adzhi Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Pesochnoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Yakush Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Marjanovski part of Kamyshlovskaya valley
Russia (Central Asian) Karazjukski complex of marshes and lakes
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Zhrebchevo Reservoir
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Srebarna
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Russia (Central Asian) Kurumbel'skaya steppe
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Estuaire de l'Orne
France Forêts du Perche
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Etang de Biguglia
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Basse vallée du Var
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Iles Saint Marcouf
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Beloye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bakanzhul lake
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Proslaukhinskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Alabota lake
Russia (European) Curonian Bay
Russia (Central Asian) Alakupa marshes
Russia (Central Asian) Ebeity lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Altyr' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Mandesarskoye reservoir
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koye lake 2
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy Sarykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Ata-Anay Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kaban'i lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Solenoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Yudinsky stretch
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Incheh Borun lake and marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Mongolia Taigam Lake
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Mongolia Taatsiin Tsagaan Lake
Kuwait Sulaibikhat Bay
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Russia (European) Manychstroi area
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake
Turkmenistan Sarygamysh
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Turkmenistan Soltandag - Gyzylburun
Turkmenistan Garagumderya
Russia (European) Archedinskiye sands
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake
Kazakhstan Shalkar Lake
Russia (European) Budary lakes
Russia (European) Kissyk area
Russia (European) Manych salt lakes
Russia (European) Nizhnekumskiye floods
Russia (European) Kurnikov liman
Turkmenistan Gurtli
Turkmenistan Kopetdagkhovudan
Turkmenistan Mergen
Turkmenistan Saryyazy
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly
Russia (European) Southern part of Chograiski reservoir
Kazakhstan Kushum Lakes
Russia (European) Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river
Kazakhstan Sulukol Lake
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System
Turkmenistan Ogurjaly island
Netherlands Wadden Coast
Turkey Erçek Lake
Turkey Tuz Lake
Turkey Acıgöl Lake
Turkey Gediz Delta
Ireland Baldoyle Bay
Ireland Ballymacoda
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs
Netherlands Delta Coast
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Kazakhstan Zharsor-Urkash Salt Lakes
Germany Braunschweig sewage farms
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Einswarder Plate / Tegeler Plate
Germany Hauke-Haien Koog
Germany Eastern part of Kiel Bight
Germany Wismar bay and Salzhaff
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Neckar oxbows in the Hessian Ried
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Ireland Lough Swilly including Blanket Nook and Inch Lake
Ireland Wexford Harbour and Slobs
Ireland Lough Foyle
Ireland Courtmacsherry, Broadstrand and Dunworley Complex
Romania Danube Delta
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Denmark Hjarbæk Fjord
Denmark Coast from Aggersund to Bygholm Vejle
Denmark Løgstør Bredning
Denmark Mandø
Denmark Odense Fjord
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Skallingen and Langli
Denmark Eastern part of Vejlerne
Mongolia Orog Lake
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Kamien Lagoon and Dziwna River
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Kazakhstan Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Ebi Nur and Kuytun River
Kazakhstan Salmanykol lake
Turkey Seyhan Delta
Tunisia Sebkhet Ariana
France Jaudy et Sept-Iles
Iraq Dukan Lake
Russia (European) Yamskaya steppe and adjacent technical reservoirs
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Ashchyozek River
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
Tunisia Sebkhet Halk el Menzel
Estonia Kabli
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Kolga bay
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Väinameri
Turkmenistan Zeyit - Kelif
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Kazakhstan Caspian Sea shore between Volga and Ural River Deltas
Sweden Rödkallen – Söräspen Islands
Estonia Kasti bay
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Küdema bay
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Luitemaa
Russia (European) Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains
Kazakhstan Eastern Kazakhstan uplands
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Tyulen’i (Seal) Islands
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Emba River
Kazakhstan Delta of the Ural River
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Tunisia Sebkhet Halk El Menzel et Oued Sed
China (mainland) Huanghua coast (Cangzhou)
China (mainland) Wuleidao Bay
China (mainland) Dongsha shoals
Sweden Falsterbo – Bay of Fote
Sweden Coastal area of Oskarshamn

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries major breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Tadorna tadorna. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2021.