LC
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 40,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 88,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.415,000-1,400,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). National population sizes have been estimated at < c.1,000 individuals on migration and < c.1,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009). The European population is estimated at 140,000-213,000 pairs, which equates to 280,000-426,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have fluctuating trends (Wetlands International 2015). At the European level the population is unknown however at the EU level the population trend is decreasing (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant
Australia V Extant
Austria N Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh V Extant
Barbados V Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Botswana N Extant
British Indian Ocean Territory N Extant
Brunei V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada N Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) V Extant
Comoros N Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes Yes
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) V Extant
Hungary N Extant
Iceland N Extant Yes Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Lesotho V Extant
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant
Madagascar N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Malaysia V Extant
Maldives N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mauritius N Extant
Mayotte (to France) N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of U Extant
Mongolia V Extant
Montenegro N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar V Extant
Namibia N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
New Zealand V Extant
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau N Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes Yes
Philippines V Extant
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Réunion (to France) N Extant
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant
Seychelles N Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore V Extant
Slovakia N Extant
Slovenia N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
St Helena (to UK) V Extant
Sudan N Extant
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China V Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand V Extant
Togo N Extant
Trinidad and Tobago V Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Greenland (to Denmark) Eqalummiut Nunaat-Nassuttuup Nunaa
Greenland (to Denmark) Hochstetter Forland
Greenland (to Denmark) Stordal-Moskusoksefjord-Badlanddal-Loch Fyne-Myggbukta
Greenland (to Denmark) Østersletten and Knudshoved, Hold With Hope
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Estonia Matsalu Bay
Estonia Kihnu strait
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Riksu coast
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Hullo and Sviby bays
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Abruka island
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Kahtla-Kübassaare coast
Estonia Käina bay
Portugal Ria de Aveiro
Portugal Sado estuary
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Iceland Markarfljotsaurar
Iceland Breidamerkursandur - Fagurholsmyri
Ireland Inner Galway Bay
Ireland Cummeen Strand (Sligo Harbour)
Ireland Broadhaven, Blacksod and Tullaghan Bays and parts of the Mullet peninsula
Sweden Tavvavouma
Sweden Coastal area of Eastern Gotland
Sweden Ottenby
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden Lundåkra Bight
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Archipelago of Stockholm
Sweden Sandemar
Sweden Bay of Torslanda
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Sweden Fjord of Stig
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Malopolska Wisla river gap
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Slowinska Site
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Narew river gaps
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Rottumerplaat
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Netherlands Westplaat
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Finland Eckerö and Hammarland archipelago
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Korppoo and Nauvo southern archipelago
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Porvoo outer archipelago
Finland Pernaja outer archipelago
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Krunnit archipelago
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Joutsenaapa-Kaita-aapa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Russia (European) Berezoviye islands of Vyborg Bay
Spain Cádiz bay
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain Coast between Corralejo and Tostón
Spain El Médano coast
Spain Sotavento beach
Spain Coast between Arinaga and Castillo del Romeral
Ukraine Syvash Bay
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Havre de la Sienne
France Littoral Augeron
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Iles de la Colombière, de la Nellière et des Haches
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Archipel des Glénan
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Ile d'Ouessant
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Vilaine
France Rade de Lorient
France Baie de Quiberon
France Baie de Goulven
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Cap Gris-nez
France Camargue
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Bonne Anse
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Archipel de Molène
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Arjuzanx
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Plaine du Forez
United Kingdom Abberton Reservoir
United Kingdom Belfast Lough
United Kingdom Ben Alder
United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes
United Kingdom Bridgend Flats, Islay
United Kingdom Burry Inlet
United Kingdom Caithness Lochs
United Kingdom Carlingford Lough
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Chesil Beach and the Fleet
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Copinsay
United Kingdom Dyfi Estuary/Aber Dyfi
United Kingdom Crussa Field and the Heogs
United Kingdom Deben Estuary
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary
United Kingdom Dundrum Inner Bay
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels
United Kingdom East Sanday
United Kingdom Eden Estuary, Tentsmuir Point and Abertay Sands
United Kingdom Exe Estuary
United Kingdom Fetlar
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Handa
United Kingdom Hill of Colvadale and Sobul
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Inner Clyde
United Kingdom Isles of Scilly
United Kingdom Killough Bay
United Kingdom Larne Lough
United Kingdom Lea Valley
United Kingdom Lindisfarne
United Kingdom Gruinart Flats
United Kingdom Mointeach Scadabhaigh
United Kingdom Loch Shin and nearby lochs
United Kingdom Loch of Inch and Torrs Warren
United Kingdom Lough Foyle and River Foyle
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Monach Islands
United Kingdom Montrose Basin
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom Nene Washes
United Kingdom North Mainland Coast
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom North Ronaldsay Coast
United Kingdom North Uist Machair and Islands
United Kingdom North Yorkshire Moors
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Outer Ards
United Kingdom Pagham Harbour
United Kingdom Papa Stour
United Kingdom Papa Westray (North Hill and Holm)
United Kingdom Pettigoe Plateau
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Portsmouth Harbour
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Rinns of Islay
United Kingdom Rosehearty to Fraserburgh Coast
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Uists Machairs, Lochs and Coast
United Kingdom South Westray Coast
United Kingdom South-eastern Stronsay
United Kingdom South-west London Waterbodies
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom Swansea Bay - Blackpill
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Taw and Torridge Estuary
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Thanet Coast and Sandwich Bay
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Tiree and Coll
United Kingdom Traeth Lafan, Conwy Bay
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes
United Kingdom Eoligarry, Barra
United Kingdom Wigtown Bay
United Kingdom Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch
United Kingdom Benacre to Easton Bavents
United Kingdom Loch Ryan
United Kingdom North Wales Coast
United Kingdom North Westray Coast
United Kingdom Sounds around Wyre
United Kingdom South Down Coast
United Kingdom Suffolk Sandlings
United Kingdom Breydon Water
United Kingdom Jersey Shoreline
United Kingdom Guernsey Shoreline
United Kingdom West Coast of Benbecula
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Greenland (to Denmark) South coast of Germania Land, and Slaedelandet
Greenland (to Denmark) Western part of Germania land
Sweden Coastal area (including seaside meadows) of Eastern Öland
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Norway Lista wetland system
Norway Stjørdalsfjord
Norway Inner Trondheimsfjord
Norway Inner Porsangerfjord
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Germany Isles of Langenwerder and Walfisch
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Ammersee
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Isles of Oie and Kirr
Germany Westrügen - Hiddensee - Zingst
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Flensburger Innen- and Aussenförde
Germany Schlei
Germany Southern shore of Eckernförder Bucht
Germany Coastline of Probstei
Germany Strand lakes and fish-ponds in south-western Fehmarn
Germany Western and northern coast of Fehmarn: Krummsteert-Puttgarden
Germany Neustädter Bucht
Germany Hohwachter Bucht
Germany Grosser and Kleiner Binnensee
Germany Western bay of the Fehmarnsund
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Kleinringer and Großringer Wösten
Germany Jadebusen, inland
Germany Butjadingen
Germany Wittmund-Wangerland
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Spreewald
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Halligen Oland, Langeneß, Nordstrandischmoor, Gröde und Hooge
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Croatia Neretva Delta
Egypt Lake Manzala
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site
Ghana Songor Ramsar Site
Guinea-Bissau Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary
Guinea-Bissau Ilha de Bolama - Rio Grande de Buba
Guinea-Bissau Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós
Kenya Lake Turkana
Morocco Baie d'Ad Dakhla
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone River Estuary
Sierra Leone Yawri Bay
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Estonia Tagamõisa peninsula
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Dobrostan
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Estuaire de l'Orne
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Basse vallée du Var
France Archipel des Sept-Iles
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Bahrain Tubli Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Oman Al Batinah coast
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Oman Ras al Hadd
Oman Barr al Hikman
Oman Duqm
Saudi Arabia Abu Ali
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
United Arab Emirates Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary (Khor Dubai)
Netherlands Markiezaat
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
United Kingdom Sleibhtean Agus Chladach Thiriodh
Netherlands Veerse Meer
Netherlands Duinen en Lage Land Texel
Netherlands Duinen Terschelling
Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog
Netherlands Haringvliet
Netherlands Wadden Coast
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Kevo
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Netherlands Delta Coast
Netherlands Krammer-Volkerak
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Netherlands Duinen Goeree & Kwade Hoek
Germany Norden-Esens, inland
Germany Einswarder Plate / Tegeler Plate
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Eastern part of Kiel Bight
Germany Wismar bay and Salzhaff
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Ireland Lough Swilly including Blanket Nook and Inch Lake
Ireland Carlingford Lough
Ireland Dundalk Bay
Ireland Nanny estuary and shoreline
Ireland Dublin Bay
Ireland Rogerstown estuary
Ireland Killala Bay
Ireland Tralee Bay and Barrow Harbour
Ireland Inishkea Islands
Ireland West Donegal coast
Ireland Falcarragh to Min an Chladaigh
Ireland Fanad Head peninsula
Ireland Clew Bay
Ireland Lough Foyle
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom South Uist Machair and Lochs
United Kingdom The Wash
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Puck Bay
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Turek Site
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Swietokrzyskie Vistula River Valley
Kenya Boni and Dodori National Reserves
Norway Tenna & Herøy
Kazakhstan Kamysh-Samarskie Lakes
Estonia Kolga bay
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Pärnu bay (NEW)
Estonia Kunda
Estonia Vaindloo island
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Väinameri
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Netherlands Oostvoornse Meer
Netherlands Ketelmeer & Vossemeer
Estonia Küdema bay
Estonia Lahemaa
Mauritania Lac de Mâl
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Mauritania Chott Boul
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Sweden Coastal area of Oskarshamn
Albania Karavasta Lagoon
Albania Narta Lagoon
Albania Lake Butrinti
Albania Patoku lagoon
Albania Velipoja

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Charadrius hiaticula. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/05/2022.