LC
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 27,300,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 20,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 32000000-49999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 9,630,000-15,000,000 pairs, which equates to 19,300,000-29,900,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.60% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 32,100,000-49,800,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania V Extant
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zimbabwe V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Ireland Wicklow Mountains
Ireland Killarney National Park
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia Goričko
Sweden Lake Ralången – Lake Hyllingen
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Pisz forest
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mati wetland of Tyrnavos
Greece Serifos island
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Finland Ruissalo
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Tornionjoki Delta
Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Luosto
Finland Kevo
Finland South-eastern Kittilä mires
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Russia (European) Racheyski forest
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Zhigulevski Nature Reserve
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
United Kingdom New Forest
Portugal Cabeção
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Adda mouth
Italy Taro river
Italy Vico lake
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Assa valley
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Val Grande
Italy Ponziane islands
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Czechia Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Czechia Beskydy mountains
Czechia Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Horna Orava
Slovakia Velká Fatra
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Morava
Slovakia River Danube flood-plain
Slovakia Tríbec
Slovakia Polana
Slovakia Lest
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Slovakia Vihorlat
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Spisská Magura
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolicke hills
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Resava gorge
Serbia Derdap gorge
Austria Zoological Gardens of Lainz
Austria Lobau
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Western Weinviertel
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Machland
Austria Freiwald
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Ibmer Moor
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Austria Slope forests in the Klostertal
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Slovakia Tatry
Switzerland La Brévine and Les Ponts-de-Martel
Switzerland Augstmatthorn
Switzerland Jura mountains of Baselland - Solothurn
Switzerland Lowlands of Zurich and lower valley of the river Thur
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Grangettes
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Gurnigel
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt
Switzerland Aletsch region
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park
Switzerland Simplon region
Switzerland Maggia valley
Switzerland Bolle di Magadino
Switzerland Piora - Dötra
Switzerland Bregaglia valley
Switzerland Mont Tendre
Switzerland Generoso mountain
Switzerland River Rhone: Geneva to Verbois reservoir
Switzerland 'Grosses Moos' plain and Niederried reservoir
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Orchard landscape between Hohenstaufen and Teck in the mid-Albvorland
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Georgsdorfer swamp
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Germany Orchards and vineyards between Waldhausen and Geradstetten
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Tenis
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Marsh southward of village Stepanovka near Okunevo Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtuguz Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake
France Plateau de Bellefonds
France Plaines de Mirebeau et de Neuville-du-Poitou
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Forêt domaniale de la Harth
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Montagne de la Serre
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Gorges de la Truyère
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre
France Forêt de Chaux
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Plateau de Delme, Val de Petite Seille
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Gorges du Gardon
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais
France Minervois
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Montagnes de Marcou, de l'Espinouse et du Caroux
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Forêts de Thiérache : Trelon, Fourmies, Hirson et St-Michel
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Forêt du Gavre
France La Dombes
France Forêt de Saou
France Basse Ardêche
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Plaine du Forez
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache
France Haut Giffre
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria Unterlammer hill country
Italy Lagorai mountains
Austria Karwendel
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Austria Inn valley between Stams and Haiming
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Ticino river
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy Grigne
Italy Val d'Ossola
Italy Crava-Morozzo lakes
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side)
Slovenia Slovenske gorice
Slovenia Kozjansko - Jovsi
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Germany Hohe Geest near Himbergen / Bad Bodenteich
Germany Esterweger Dose
Germany Schönbuch with Spitzberg
Germany Orchards, heathlands and forests around Weil der Stadt
Germany Stromberg
Germany Hasbruch
Germany Thülsfeld reservoir
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Vorland of the Mittlere Schwäbische Alb
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Northern Black Forest
Luxembourg Esch/Alzette South-east
Luxembourg Region of Schuttrange, Canach, Lenningen and Gostingen
Luxembourg Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler
Luxembourg Valley of Trintange
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Kozjansko
Slovenia River Mura
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Armenia Haghartsin
Kazakhstan Russkiy Zharkol
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2900 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Phoenicurus phoenicurus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020.