LC
Common Redshank Tringa totanus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Christidis, L.; Boles, W. E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass 129 g
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 40,700,000 km2 medium
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 123,000,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size unknown poor estimated 2012
Population trend unknown - - -
Generation length 6.2 years - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.1,300,000-3,100,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 340,000-484,000 pairs, which equates to 680,000-968,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). National population estimates include: < c.10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.50-10,000 wintering individuals in Korea; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009). The population is therefore placed in the band 1,000,000-3,499,999 individuals.

Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are stable, increasing or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). In Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.01) (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Afghanistan extant native yes
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant native
Angola extant native
Armenia extant native yes
Australia extant native
Austria extant native yes
Azerbaijan extant native yes
Bahrain extant native yes yes
Bangladesh extant native
Belarus extant native yes
Belgium extant native yes
Benin extant vagrant
Bhutan extant vagrant
Bosnia and Herzegovina extinct native yes
Botswana extant native
Brunei extant native
Bulgaria extant native yes
Burkina Faso extant vagrant
Burundi extant native
Cambodia extant native
Cameroon extant native
Canada extant vagrant
Cape Verde extant native
Central African Republic extant native
Chad extant native
China (mainland) extant native yes
Christmas Island (to Australia) extant vagrant
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) extant native
Congo extant vagrant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the extant native
Côte d'Ivoire extant native
Croatia extant native yes
Cyprus extant native yes
Czechia extant native yes
Denmark extant native yes yes
Djibouti extant native
Egypt extant native
Equatorial Guinea extant native
Eritrea extant native
Estonia extant native yes yes
Ethiopia extant native
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) extant native yes
Finland extant native yes yes
France extant native yes yes
Gabon extant native
Gambia extant native
Georgia extant native yes
Germany extant native yes yes
Ghana extant native
Gibraltar (to UK) extant vagrant
Greece extant native yes yes
Greenland (to Denmark) extant vagrant
Guam (to USA) extant native yes
Guinea extant native
Guinea-Bissau extant native
Hong Kong (China) extant native
Hungary extant native yes yes
Iceland extant native yes yes
India extant native
Indonesia extant native
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes yes
Iraq extant native yes
Ireland extant native yes
Israel extant native
Italy extant native yes yes
Japan extant native
Jordan extant native yes yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kenya extant native
Kuwait extant native yes yes
Kyrgyzstan extant native yes
Laos extant native
Latvia extant native yes
Lebanon extant native yes yes
Liberia extant native
Libya extant native
Liechtenstein extant native
Lithuania extant native yes yes
Malawi extant native
Malaysia extant native yes
Maldives extant native
Mali extant native
Malta extant native
Mauritania extant native
Micronesia, Federated States of extant native yes
Moldova extant native yes yes
Mongolia extant native yes
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant native
Mozambique extant native
Myanmar extant native
Namibia extant native
Nepal extant native
Netherlands extant native yes yes
Niger extant native
Nigeria extant native
North Korea extant native
North Macedonia extant native yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) extant native yes
Norway extant native yes yes
Oman extant native yes yes
Pakistan extant native
Palau extant native yes
Palestine extant native yes yes
Papua New Guinea extant native
Philippines extant native yes
Poland extant native yes yes
Portugal extant native yes
Qatar extant native yes
Romania extant native yes yes
Russia extant native yes yes yes
Russia (Asian) extant native yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant native yes
Russia (European) extant native yes yes
Rwanda extant vagrant
Saudi Arabia extant native yes yes
Senegal extant native
Serbia extant native yes
Seychelles extant vagrant
Sierra Leone extant native
Singapore extant native
Slovakia extant native yes
Slovenia extant native yes
Somalia extant native
South Africa extant native
South Korea extant native
South Sudan extant native yes
Spain extant native yes yes
Sri Lanka extant native
Sudan extant native
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) extant vagrant
Sweden extant native yes yes
Switzerland extant native yes
Syria extant native yes yes
Taiwan, China extant native
Tajikistan extant native yes
Tanzania extant native
Thailand extant native yes
Timor-Leste extant native yes yes
Togo extant native
Tunisia extant native yes
Türkiye extant native yes
Turkmenistan extant native
Uganda extant native
Ukraine extant native yes yes
United Arab Emirates extant native yes yes
United Kingdom extant native yes yes
Uzbekistan extant native yes
Vietnam extant native
Western Sahara extant native
Yemen extant native yes yes
Zambia extant native
Zimbabwe extant native

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Sweden Lake Ånn – Storlien
Sweden Archipelago of Stockholm
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Iput' river in vicinity of Kholevichami
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Tyligul's'kyj lyman
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Molochna river valley
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Goulven
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Cap Gris-nez
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
Sweden Coastal area (including seaside meadows) of Eastern Öland
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Denmark South Læsø
Denmark Mandø
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Egypt Lake Manzala
Egypt Lake Burullus
Guinea Konkouré
Guinea-Bissau Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Gaz and Rud-i-Hara deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Oman Barr al Hikman
Oman Masirah island
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
China (mainland) Ganligahai-Zecha Nature Reserve
Malaysia Matang coast
Malaysia South-west Johor coast
Malaysia North-central Selangor coast
Thailand Inner Gulf of Thailand
Philippines Mactan, Kalawisan and Cansaga Bays
Indonesia Pesisir Riau Tenggara
Indonesia Pesisir Pantai Jambi
Estonia Väinameri
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake
United Kingdom Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary
United Kingdom Inner Clyde
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Lindisfarne
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom Belfast Lough
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Montrose Basin
United Kingdom Bowland Fells
United Kingdom Uists Machairs, Lochs and Coast
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom North Pennine Moors
Germany Dollart
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
United Kingdom Carlingford Lough
Romania Danube Delta
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley
Spain Cádiz bay
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Tringa totanus. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/common-redshank-tringa-totanus on 23/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 23/02/2024.