LC
Common Raven Corvus corax



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 785 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 137,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.9 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number > c.16,000,000 individuals (Rich et al. 2004). The European population is estimated at 611,000-1,160,000 pairs, which equates to 1,220,000-2,320,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: This species has undergone a large and statistically significant increase over the last 40 years in North America (166% increase over 40 years, equating to a 27.7% increase per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007). In Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Canada N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant
El Salvador N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malta V Extant
Mexico N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant
Panama V Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Kaz'jany
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Romania Rodnei Mountains
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Sweden Kullaberg
Sweden Florarna
Sweden Hanveden – Hemfosa
Poland Middle part of Tuchola forest
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Augustów forest
Greece Mount Athos and surrounding marine area
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Mount Parnitha
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Lefka Ori mountains, Crete
Greece Mount Kedros and Kourtaliotiko gorge, Crete
Greece Mount Idi, Crete
Greece Mount Dikti, Crete
Greece Thrypti and Orno mountains, Crete
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Mount Peristeri
Greece Nisyros island and surrounding islets
Greece Chalki island and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Kryoneritis, Crete
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Lower Kalamas gorge
Greece Amorgos island
Greece Patmos island and surrounding islets
Greece Echinades, Kalamos and Atokos islands
Greece Kinaros and Levitha islands and surrounding islets
Greece Islands and islets of northern Dodecanese
Greece Kalymnos, Telendos, Kalolimnos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Artemisio and Lyrkeio mountains
Greece Mount Kyllini (Ziria)
Greece Northern Syros
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Erymanthos
Greece Mount Kochylas, Skyros
Greece Western Skyros and islets
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Paramythia mountains
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Tilos island and surrounding islets
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Fournoi island
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Symi island and surrounding islets
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Astypalaia island and surrounding islets
Greece Syrna island and surrounding islets
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Serifos island
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Mount Kerkis, Samos
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Lake Dystos
Greece Kasos island and surrounding islets
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Samothraki island
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Ios, Sikinos and Folegandros islands
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Luosto
Finland Kevo
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Spain La Mola of Formentera
Spain Mountain of Agua, gully of Los Cochinos and gully of Cuevas Negras
Spain Arico pine woodland
Spain Garajonay National Park
Spain La Palma laurel forest
Spain La Caldera de Taburiente National Park
Spain La Dehesa grasslands
Spain Ventejís mountain
Spain Naos Bay-Hoya de Tacorón
Spain Nizdafe plains
Spain Lanzarote islets
Spain Famara sandy plain
Spain Plains of La Corona-Las Honduras
Spain Isthmus of Jandía sandy plain
Spain Morro Tabaiba-Morro de los Rincones-Vallebrón mountains
Spain Coast of Esquinzo-Puertito de Los Molinos
Spain Pozo Negro mountain-Vigán
Spain Tamadaba pine woodland
Spain Pajonales, Ojeda, Inagua and La Data pine woodlands
Spain Tauro pine woodland
Spain Tirajana pine woodland
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Lyman lake
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Vallée du Régino
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or
France Puig Carlit et environs
France Chaîne des Alpilles
United Kingdom Ailsa Craig
United Kingdom Ben Alder
United Kingdom Copinsay
United Kingdom Drumochter Hills
United Kingdom Mointeach Scadabhaigh
United Kingdom Pettigoe Plateau
United Kingdom Rathlin Island
United Kingdom The Oa
United Kingdom Tiree and Coll
United Kingdom Eoligarry, Barra
United Kingdom Antrim Hills
United Kingdom Cromdale Hills
United Kingdom Forest of Clunie
United Kingdom Ladder Hills
United Kingdom Cnuic Agus Cladach Mhuile
United Kingdom North Westray Coast
United Kingdom Park, Lewis
United Kingdom Tolsta Head, Lewis
Italy Gran Paradiso
Czechia Beskydy mountains
Czechia Doupov hills
Serbia Danube loess bluffs
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Meskheti
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Georgia Kolkheti
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Norway Runde
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Freiwald
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Nockberge National Park
Poland Gorce mountains
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Northern Steigerwald
Germany Burgwald
Germany Kellerwald
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Germany Schwarza and Schlücht valleys
Germany Feldberg in the Black Forest
Montenegro Durmitor
Montenegro Biogradska woods
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Russia (Central Asian) Ir valley
Russia (Central Asian) Rocky outcrops of river Uj
Russia (Central Asian) Shartymka valley
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Gorges de la Truyère
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Archipel des Sept-Iles
France Cap Sizun
France Cap Frehel
France Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Gorges de la Dordogne
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria Styrian Joglland
Italy Carniche pre-Alps
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
Ukraine Khersonesko-Fiolentske coastal zone
Ukraine National Park Stara Guta
Ukraine Voloshans'ka dacha
Ukraine Komisarovskyj Forest
Ukraine Sinelnikov Complex
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Pernaja outer archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Germany Hohe Geest near Himbergen / Bad Bodenteich
Germany Forests south of Wolfsburg
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Southern Black Forest
Germany Forests of Lauenburg
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Our
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Sure
Luxembourg Region Kiischpelt
Luxembourg Valley of the Trëtterbaach
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat
Mexico Cerro El Viejo – Puerto Purificación
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 6350 m

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Corvus corax. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/09/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/09/2020.