LC
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Phasianus colchicus and P. versicolor (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as P. colchicus following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass -
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 20,900,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 160000000-219999999 mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend decreasing - suspected -
Generation length 5 years - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 4,140,000-5,370,000 pairs, which equates to 8,290,000-10,700,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms <5% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 165,800,000-214,000,000 mature individuals although further validation of this estimate is needed. The global population is therefore placed in the band 160,000,000-219,999,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is widespread and very common in much of its range, however populations are declining locally owing to habitat loss and over-hunting. In Europe the population is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015). Subspecies talischensis is considered very rare and may number only 200-300 individuals (del Hoyo et al. 1994).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Afghanistan extant native yes
Albania extant introduced yes
Andorra extant introduced yes
Armenia extant native yes
Australia extant introduced yes
Austria extant introduced yes
Azerbaijan extant native yes
Bahamas extant introduced yes
Belarus extant introduced yes
Belgium extant introduced yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant introduced yes
Bulgaria extant introduced yes
Canada extant introduced yes
China (mainland) extant native yes
Croatia extant introduced yes
Cuba extant introduced yes
Czechia extant introduced yes
Denmark extant introduced yes
Finland extant introduced yes
France extant introduced yes
Georgia extant native yes
Germany extant introduced yes
Greece extant introduced yes
Hungary extant introduced yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes
Ireland extant introduced yes
Italy extant introduced yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kyrgyzstan extant native yes
Laos extant native yes
Latvia extant introduced yes
Liechtenstein extant introduced yes
Lithuania extant introduced yes
Luxembourg extant introduced yes
Mexico presence uncertain introduced yes
Moldova extant introduced yes
Mongolia extant native yes
Montenegro extant introduced yes
Morocco extant introduced yes
Myanmar extant native yes
Netherlands extant introduced yes
New Zealand extant introduced yes
North Korea extant native yes
North Macedonia extant introduced yes
Norway extant introduced yes
Poland extant introduced yes
Portugal extant introduced yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) presence uncertain introduced yes
Romania extant introduced yes
Russia extant native yes
Russia (Asian) extant native yes
Russia (European) extant introduced yes
Serbia extant introduced yes
Slovakia extant introduced yes
Slovenia extant introduced yes
South Korea extant native yes
Spain extant introduced yes
St Helena (to UK) extant introduced yes
Sweden extant introduced yes
Switzerland extant introduced yes
Taiwan, China extant native yes
Tajikistan extant native yes
Türkiye extant introduced yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes
Ukraine extant introduced yes
United Kingdom extant introduced yes
USA extant introduced yes
Uzbekistan extant native yes
Vietnam extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hari Rud valley near Sarrakhs

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - international non-trivial recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Phasianus colchicus. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/common-pheasant-phasianus-colchicus on 22/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 22/02/2024.