Common Myna Acridotheres tristis


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 18,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common (Feare and Craig 1998), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.10,000-100,000 introduced breeding pairs in Taiwan and c.100-10,000 introduced breeding pairs in Japan (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing as ongoing habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Australia I Extant Yes
Bahrain I Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes
British Indian Ocean Territory I Extant Yes
Brunei I Extant Yes
Cambodia N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Comoros I Extant Yes
Cook Islands I Extant Yes
Egypt I Extant Yes
Fiji I Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) I Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Indonesia I Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq I Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kiribati I Extant Yes
Kuwait I Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan I Extant Yes
Laos N Extant Yes
Lebanon U Extant
Madagascar I Extant Yes
Malaysia N Extant Yes
Maldives I Extant Yes
Mauritius I Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
New Caledonia (to France) I Extant Yes
New Zealand I Extant Yes
Oman I Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Qatar I Extant Yes
Réunion (to France) I Extant Yes
Russia V Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) V Extant Yes
Russia (European) V Extant Yes
Samoa I Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia I Extant Yes
Seychelles I Extant Yes
Singapore N Extant Yes
Solomon Islands I Extant Yes
South Africa I Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
St Helena (to UK) I Extant Yes
Tajikistan I Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant Yes
Tonga I Extant Yes
Turkey I Extant Yes
Turkmenistan I Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates I Extant Yes
USA I Extant Yes
Uzbekistan I Extant Yes
Vanuatu I Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe I Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Shur, Rud-i-Shirin and Rud-i-Minab deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Chokpak Pass
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Acridotheres tristis. Downloaded from on 26/01/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/01/2021.