Common Myna Acridotheres tristis


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 18,000,000 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend increasing suspected -
Generation length (years) 3.9 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common (Feare and Craig 1998), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.10,000-100,000 introduced breeding pairs in Taiwan and c.100-10,000 introduced breeding pairs in Japan (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing as ongoing habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan extant native yes
Australia extant introduced yes
Bahrain extant introduced yes
Bangladesh extant native yes
Bhutan extant native yes
British Indian Ocean Territory extant introduced yes
Brunei extant introduced yes
Cambodia extant native yes
China (mainland) extant native yes
Comoros extant introduced yes
Cook Islands extant introduced yes
Egypt extant introduced yes
Fiji extant introduced yes
Hong Kong (China) extant introduced yes
India extant native yes
Indonesia extant introduced yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes
Iraq extant introduced yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kiribati extant introduced yes
Kuwait extant introduced yes
Kyrgyzstan extant introduced yes
Laos extant native yes
Lebanon extant uncertain
Madagascar extant introduced yes
Malaysia extant native yes
Maldives extant introduced yes
Mauritius extant introduced yes
Myanmar extant native yes
Nepal extant native yes
New Caledonia (to France) extant introduced yes
New Zealand extant introduced yes
Oman extant introduced yes
Pakistan extant native yes
Qatar extant introduced yes
Réunion (to France) extant introduced yes
Russia extant vagrant yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant vagrant yes
Russia (European) extant vagrant yes
Samoa extant introduced yes
Saudi Arabia extant introduced yes
Seychelles extant introduced yes
Singapore extant native yes
Solomon Islands extant introduced yes
South Africa extant introduced yes
Sri Lanka extant native yes
St Helena (to UK) extant introduced yes
Tajikistan extant introduced yes
Thailand extant native yes
Tonga extant introduced yes
Türkiye extant introduced yes
Turkmenistan extant introduced yes
United Arab Emirates extant introduced yes
USA extant introduced yes
Uzbekistan extant introduced yes
Vanuatu extant introduced yes
Vietnam extant native yes
Zimbabwe extant introduced yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Acridotheres tristis. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023.