LC
Common Ground-dove Columbina passerina



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2020 Least Concern
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 37 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 26,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 11000000 poor estimated 2016
Population trend Stable estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: Partners in Flight (2017) places the population size at 11,000,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant decrease over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and Christmas Bird Count; Sauer et al. 2017, Meehan et al. 2018), but the population appears have stabilised since the mid-1980s. Therefore, the trend is considered here to be stable. Note, however, that these surveys cover less than 50% of the species's range in North America.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant Yes
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant Yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Bahamas N Extant Yes
Barbados N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) N Extant Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Canada V Extant
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Cuba N Extant Yes
Curaçao (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Dominica N Extant Yes
Dominican Republic N Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
El Salvador N Extant Yes
French Guiana N Extant Yes
Grenada N Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Guyana N Extant Yes
Haiti N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Jamaica N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant Yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant Yes
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant Yes
St Lucia N Extant Yes
St Martin (to France) N Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant Yes
Suriname N Extant Yes
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Jamaica Yallahs
Jamaica Blue Mountains
Jamaica Teak Pen
Jamaica Bull Head
Jamaica Dry Harbour Mountain
Jamaica Fyffe and Rankine
Jamaica Duffus Mountain
Jamaica Hyde Hall Mountain
Jamaica Point Hill
Jamaica Negril
Bahamas Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Bahamas Governor's Harbour
Bahamas Grog Pond
Bahamas South Tarpum Bay
Bahamas Little Abaco
Bahamas Cay Sal
Bahamas Booby Rocks and Pirates Bay
Bahamas Nine Tasks Blue Hole
Bahamas Driggs Hill to Mars Bay
Aruba (to Netherlands) Tierra del Sol Salina
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Klein Bonaire, Bonaire
Aruba (to Netherlands) Bubali Wetlands
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Antigua and Barbuda Potworks Dam
Antigua and Barbuda Christian Valley
Antigua and Barbuda Wallings Forest
Antigua and Barbuda Bethesda Dam
Antigua and Barbuda Offshore Islands
Puerto Rico (to USA) El Yunque
Bahamas Mangrove Cay
Bahamas Owenstown
Bahamas Cat Island Wetlands
St Lucia Pitons (Qualibou and Canaries)
St Lucia Castries and Dennery Waterworks Reserve and Marquis
St Lucia Point Sables
St Lucia Iyanola and Grande Anses, Esperance and Fond D'ors
St Lucia Mandelé Protected Landscape
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Virgin Islands (to USA) John Brewer's Bay
Bahamas South Beach Tidal Flats
Bahamas Red Bays
Jamaica Black River Great Morass
Jamaica Catadupa
Bahamas Conception Island National Park
Colombia El Encanto de Guanapalo

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2900 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Columbina passerina. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2021.