LC
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Christidis, L.; Boles, W. E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
Turbott, E. G. 1990. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 18,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 151,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.3 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.440,000-1,500,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 98,700-202,000 pairs, which equates to 197,000-405,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). National population estimates include: < c.10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and < c.50 wintering individuals in Korea; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (BirdLife International 2015, Wetlands International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant
Australia N Extant
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Barbados V Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Botswana N Extant
British Indian Ocean Territory N Extant
Brunei N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada V Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Christmas Island (to Australia) N Extant
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) N Extant
Comoros N Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czechia N Extant
Denmark N Extant Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
French Southern Territories V Extant
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Lesotho N Extant
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant
Luxembourg N Extant
Madagascar N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Malaysia N Extant Yes
Maldives N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mauritius N Extant
Mayotte (to France) N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
New Caledonia (to France) V Extant
New Zealand N Extant
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Papua New Guinea N Extant
Philippines N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) V Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Réunion (to France) N Extant
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda N Extant
São Tomé e Príncipe N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles N Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes Yes
Solomon Islands N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Timor-Leste N Extant Yes Yes
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
USA V Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Balota Jel'nia
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Kaz'jany
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Estonia Puhatu mire
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Ireland Shannon and Fergus Estuaries
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans
Sweden River Klingaälv – Lake Kranke
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Lake Ralången – Lake Hyllingen
Sweden Lake Ånn – Storlien
Sweden Bay of Torslanda
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Sweden Fjord of Stig
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Poland Otmuchów reservoir
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Warta River Mouth
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Evros delta
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Lake Amvrakia
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Lagoons of Kerkyra island
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat
Netherlands Engelsmanplaat
Netherlands Rottumerplaat
Netherlands Rottumeroog
Netherlands Balgzand
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Ahmasjärvi lake
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Rumala-Kuvaja-Oudonrimmet
Finland Tornionjoki Delta
Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Joutsenaapa-Kaita-aapa
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Luosto
Finland Kevo
Finland South-eastern Kittilä mires
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Russia (European) Sources of the River Luga
Russia (European) Zaonezh'ye
Russia (European) Valley of Sysola river
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Ponoiskaya depression
Russia (European) Central Forest Biosphere Reserve and adjacent areas
Russia (European) Surski reservoir
Russia (European) Yamantau mountain
Russia (European) Verkhnevisherski mountain
Russia (European) Adovo-Chugrumski wetland
Russia (European) Iremel'ski mountain
Russia (European) Kivach Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Kenozer'ye
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Syra Pogonya mire
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Dnestr valley between Staryj Martyniv and Marynopil' villages
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Rade de Lorient
France Baie de Goulven
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Brenne centrale
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Camargue
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Arjuzanx
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de la Loire : confluence Loire-Vienne
France Basse vallée de L'Indre
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Cap Gris-nez
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Marais de Manteyer
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Marais de la Souche
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France La Dombes
France Plaine du Forez
France Ile de la Platière
France Lac et marais du Bourget
United Kingdom Abberton Reservoir
United Kingdom Abernethy Forest
United Kingdom Assynt Lochs
United Kingdom Ben Alder
United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes
United Kingdom Burry Inlet
United Kingdom Cairngorms
United Kingdom Carlingford Lough
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Glen Affric to Strathconon
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Creag Meagaidh
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Drumochter Hills
United Kingdom Dundrum Inner Bay
United Kingdom Exe Estuary
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Inner Clyde
United Kingdom Inverpolly, Loch Urigill and nearby lochs
United Kingdom Killough Bay
United Kingdom Larne Lough
United Kingdom Lewis Peatlands
United Kingdom Mointeach Scadabhaigh
United Kingdom Loch Shin and nearby lochs
United Kingdom Loch of Inch and Torrs Warren
United Kingdom Lough Foyle and River Foyle
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom North Harris Mountains
United Kingdom North Inverness Lochs
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Outer Ards
United Kingdom Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Taw and Torridge Estuary
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Traeth Lafan, Conwy Bay
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes
United Kingdom Eoligarry, Barra
United Kingdom West Westray
United Kingdom Wigtown Bay
United Kingdom Cnuic Agus Cladach Mhuile
United Kingdom Park, Lewis
United Kingdom South Cornwall Coast
United Kingdom Jersey Shoreline
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Cervia saltpans
Italy Vercelli rice-fields
Sweden River Dal – Håvran
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
United Kingdom Isles of Scilly
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Norway Vorma
Norway Lista wetland system
Norway Stjørdalsfjord
Norway Inner Trondheimsfjord
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Påkketan
Sweden Taavavuoma
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Borgfelder Wümmewiesen
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Kleinringer and Großringer Wösten
Germany Wittmund-Wangerland
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Spreewald
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Vogelfreistätte Alter and Neuer See
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Reichlos pond
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Croatia Kopacki Rit Special Zoological Reserve
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site
Ghana Songor Ramsar Site
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park
Sierra Leone Yawri Bay
Oman Barr al Hikman
Russia (European) Druzhinnoe lake and its outskirts
Russia (European) Vicinity of the Vozhe lake and Charonda marshes
China (mainland) Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Yueqing Wan
China (mainland) Wenzhou Wan
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area
Malaysia North-central Selangor coast
Philippines Mactan, Kalawisan and Cansaga Bays
Japan Hakata bay
Japan Inner Ariake bay
Russia (Asian) Lower Tumen river
Russia (Asian) Forty islands
Russia (Asian) Nevskoye Lake
South Korea Tidal flat area of southern Ganghwa-do island
South Korea Asan Bay (including Asan-ho lake and Sapgyo-ho lake)
South Korea Dongjin estuary
South Korea Daebu-do island
South Korea Sihwa-ho lake
South Korea Cheonsu Bay
South Korea Baeksu tidal flat
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Muraka
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Põhja-Kõrvemaa
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Russia (Central Asian) Kondinskiye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Zaikovo forest
Russia (Central Asian) Russkoye lake
Russia (European) Nizhnekamskaya flood-plain
Russia (Central Asian) Kazanskaya flood-plain of the Ishim river
Russia (Central Asian) Marsh southward of village Stepanovka near Okunevo Lake
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Baie de Vilaine
France Baie de Quiberon
France Mars sur Allier
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Pointe de Grave
France Etang du Bagnas
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Basse vallée du Var
France Bonne Anse
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Russia (European) Pizhemski reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy and Maly Akh lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e-Moghan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez river marshes and plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Kuwait Ad-Doha Nature Reserve
Kuwait Sulaibikhat Bay
Oman Al Batinah coast
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Oman Ras al Hadd
Oman Masirah island
Oman Duqm
Saudi Arabia Abu Ali
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah
Saudi Arabia Wadi Rabigh springs
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
United Arab Emirates Khor Al Beidah
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Yemen Aden
Cambodia Boeung Prek Lapouv
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Russia (European) Yuzhskoe lake-land
Kenya Tana River Delta
Ireland Ballysadare Bay
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Russia (Central Asian) Dikoye and Epanchino lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Ust'-Ozerninskiye bogs
Russia (Central Asian) Vizhay river
Niger Diffa-Kinzindi grassland and wetlands
Russia (Central Asian) Kataiginskiye bogs
Russia (Central Asian) Vodorazdel'naya
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'"
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Russia (European) Ul'skoye bog
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Klyaz'ma river from mouth of Teza river up to Mstera
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Norden-Esens, inland
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Ireland Carlingford Lough
Ireland Lough Swilly including Blanket Nook and Inch Lake
Ireland Dundalk Bay
Ireland Rogerstown estuary
Ireland Malahide/ Broadmeadow Estuary
Ireland Dublin Bay
Ireland Cork Harbour
Ireland Dungarvan Harbour
Ireland Blackwater estuary
Ireland Killala Bay
Ireland Broadhaven, Blacksod and Tullaghan Bays and parts of the Mullet peninsula
Ireland Tralee Bay and Barrow Harbour
Ireland Inner Galway Bay
Ireland Clew Bay
Ireland Courtmacsherry, Broadstrand and Dunworley Complex
Ireland Donegal Bay
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Denmark Fanø
Denmark Mandø
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Skallingen and Langli
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
China (mainland) Yalu Jiang Estuary
Madagascar Lake Ihotry - Mangoky Delta Complex NPA
Armenia Amasia
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama
Russia (Central Asian) Kondo-Alymskaya
Kenya Boni and Dodori National Reserves
Norway Reisa
Norway Øvre Forra
Norway Øvre Pasvik
Norway Øvre Anárjohka
Norway Dovrefjell
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Väinameri
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Meelva bog
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg
Mauritania Chott Boul
Sweden Lake Laidaure
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Rödkallen – Söräspen Islands
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Mauritania Lac de Mâl

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Back Slope suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Foreslope (Outer Reef Slope) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Inter-Reef Rubble Substrate suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Inter-Reef Soft Substrate suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Lagoon suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Outer Reef Channel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Domestic & urban waste water - Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Tringa nebularia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/07/2020.