Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula


Butcher, G. S.; Niven, D. K. 2007. Combining data from the Christmas bird count and the breeding bird survey to determine the continental status and trends of North American birds.

Fraga, R. 2018. Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula). Barcelona Available at: https://www.hbw.com/species/common-grackle-quiscalus-quiscula. (Accessed: 11/07/2018).

Peer, B.D.; Bollinger E.K. 1997. Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula), version 2.0. Ithaca, NY, USA Available at: https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.271. (Accessed: 11/07/2018).

Rosenberg, K.V.; Kennedy, J.A.; Dettmers, R.; Ford, R.P.; Reynolds, D.; Alexander, J.D.; Beardmore, C.J.; Blancher, P.J.; Bogart, R.E.; Butcher, G.S.; Camfield, A.F.; Couturier, A.; Demarest, D.W.; Easton, W.E.; Giocomo, J.J.; Keller, R.H.; Mini, A.E.; Panjabi, A.O.; Pashley, D.N.; Rich, T.D.; Ruth, J.M.; Stabins, H.; Stanton, J.; Will, T. 2016. Partners in Flight Landbird Conservation Plan: 2016 Revision for Canada and Continental United States. Partners in Flight Science Committee.

Sauer, J.R.; Niven, D.K.; Hines, J.E.; Ziolkowski Jr, D.J.; Pardieck, K.L.; Fallon, J.E.; Link, W.A. 2017. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 - 2015. Version 12.23.2015. Laurel, MD

Taylor, P. 2018. Common Grackle. Winnipeg, Manitoba Available at: http://www.birdatlas.mb.ca/accounts/speciesaccount.jsp?sp=COGR&lang=en. (Accessed: 23/07/2018).

Further resources

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Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Quiscalus quiscula. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/common-grackle-quiscalus-quiscula on 08/12/2023.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 08/12/2023.