LC
Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Gallinula chloropus and G. galeata (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as G. chloropus following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 64,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 63,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.9 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number over 2,000,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2014).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is thought to be stable or increasing (Wetlands International 2014). This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant increase over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007) Note, however, that these surveys cover less than 50% of the species's range in North America.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant
Argentina N Extant
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Bahamas N Extant
Barbados N Extant
Belize N Extant
Bermuda (to UK) N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Brazil N Extant
Canada N Extant Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant
Chile N Extant
Colombia N Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Cuba N Extant
Dominica N Extant
Dominican Republic N Extant
Ecuador N Extant
El Salvador N Extant
French Guiana N Extant
Grenada N Extant
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant
Guatemala N Extant
Guyana N Extant
Haiti N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Jamaica N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant
Nicaragua N Extant
Panama N Extant
Paraguay N Extant
Peru N Extant
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) N Extant
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant
St Lucia N Extant
St Martin (to France) N Extant
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) V Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant
Suriname N Extant
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant
Uruguay N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Canada Dundas Valley and Dundas Marsh
Canada Eastern Lake St. Clair
Canada Marais de Saint-Timothée
Canada Marais de Saint-Étienne
Canada Canal de Beauharnois
Ecuador Ciénaga de La Segua
Peru Laguna de Ite
Jamaica Black River Great Morass
Cayman Islands (to UK) Central Mangrove Wetland
Anguilla (to UK) East End Pond
Bahamas Great Inagua
Bahamas Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Bahamas Lucayan National Park
Bahamas Long Island and Hog Cay
Dominican Republic Jaragua National Park
Virgin Islands (to USA) Perseverance Bay Lagoons
St Kitts and Nevis Ponds of the Southeast Peninsula
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Little Bay, Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Fresh Pond, Sint Maarten
St Vincent and the Grenadines Ashton Wetland
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mustique Island
Antigua and Barbuda Codrington Lagoon and the Creek
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Antigua and Barbuda Fitches Creek Bay
Antigua and Barbuda Valley Church Bay
Antigua and Barbuda Potworks Dam
Bahamas San Andros Pond
Paraguay Parque Nacional Tinfunqué - Estero Patiño
Bahamas Stafford Creek to Andros Town
Bahamas Driggs Hill to Mars Bay
Bahamas Booby Rocks and Pirates Bay
Bahamas South Beach Tidal Flats
St Lucia Point Sables
St Lucia Iyanola and Grande Anses, Esperance and Fond D'ors
Guadeloupe (to France) Barrage de Gaschet
Aruba (to Netherlands) Tierra del Sol Salina
Aruba (to Netherlands) Bubali Wetlands
Antigua and Barbuda Wallings Forest
Antigua and Barbuda Bethesda Dam
Antigua and Barbuda Hanson's Bay – Flashes
Virgin Islands (to USA) John Brewer's Bay
Virgin Islands (to USA) Magens Bay
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Cove Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Long Salt Pond
USA Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge
Jamaica Font Hill
Colombia Laguna de la Cocha

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Gallinula galeata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/10/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/10/2022.