Common Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla


Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,210,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 7,610,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 8000000-14999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 4,180,000-7,110,000 pairs, which equates to 8,360,000-14,200,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.95% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 8,800,000-14,950,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe, trends between 1982 and 2013 have been stable (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant
Austria N Extant
Azerbaijan U Extant
Belarus N Extant
Belgium N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant
Croatia N Extant
Czechia N Extant
Denmark N Extant
Egypt V Extant
France N Extant
Germany N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant
Hungary N Extant
Italy N Extant
Latvia N Extant
Lebanon V Extant
Libya U Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant
Lithuania N Extant
Malta N Extant
Montenegro N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant
Poland N Extant
Portugal N Extant
Russia N Extant
Russia (European) N Extant
Serbia N Extant
Slovakia N Extant
Slovenia N Extant
Spain N Extant
Sweden N Extant
Switzerland N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant
United Kingdom N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 1600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Regulus ignicapilla. Downloaded from on 23/01/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/01/2020.