Common Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla


Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 8,210,000 km2
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 7,610,000 km2
Severely fragmented? no -
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 8000000-14999999 mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend stable - suspected -
Generation length 2.7 years - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 4,180,000-7,110,000 pairs, which equates to 8,360,000-14,200,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.95% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 8,800,000-14,950,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe, trends between 1982 and 2013 have been stable (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Albania extant native
Algeria extant native
Andorra extant native
Austria extant native
Azerbaijan extant uncertain
Belarus extant native
Belgium extant native
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native
Bulgaria extant native
Croatia extant native
Czechia extant native
Denmark extant native
Egypt extant vagrant
France extant native
Germany extant native
Gibraltar (to UK) extant native
Greece extant native
Hungary extant native
Italy extant native
Latvia extant native
Lebanon extant vagrant
Libya extant uncertain
Liechtenstein extant native
Lithuania extant native
Malta extant native
Montenegro extant native
Morocco extant native
Netherlands extant native
North Macedonia extant native
Poland extant native
Portugal extant native
Russia extant native
Russia (European) extant native
Serbia extant native
Slovakia extant native
Slovenia extant native
Spain extant native
Sweden extant native
Switzerland extant native
Tunisia extant native
Türkiye extant native yes
Ukraine extant native
United Kingdom extant native

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
Czechia Beskydy mountains

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 1600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Regulus ignicapilla. Downloaded from on 29/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 29/02/2024.