Common Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla


Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,210,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 7,610,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 8000000-14999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 4,180,000-7,110,000 pairs, which equates to 8,360,000-14,200,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.95% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 8,800,000-14,950,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe, trends between 1982 and 2013 have been stable (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant
Austria N Extant
Azerbaijan U Extant
Belarus N Extant
Belgium N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant
Croatia N Extant
Czechia N Extant
Denmark N Extant
Egypt V Extant
France N Extant
Germany N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant
Hungary N Extant
Italy N Extant
Latvia N Extant
Lebanon V Extant
Libya U Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant
Lithuania N Extant
Malta N Extant
Montenegro N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant
Poland N Extant
Portugal N Extant
Russia N Extant
Russia (European) N Extant
Serbia N Extant
Slovakia N Extant
Slovenia N Extant
Spain N Extant
Sweden N Extant
Switzerland N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant
United Kingdom N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
Liechtenstein Garselli-Zigerberg, Alpengebiet
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Romania Rodnei Mountains
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Kočevsko
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Gorce mountains
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Pisz forest
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Mount Parnitha
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Kythira island
Greece Mount Kyllini (Ziria)
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Ukraine Crimean Nature Reserve
France Gorges de la Truyère
France Plateau Ardennais
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Boucle de Moisson
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique
France Cirque de Gavarnie
France Cap Gris-nez
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
Italy Val Grande
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Foreste Casentinesi
Czechia Beskydy mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Horná Orava
Slovakia Tríbeč
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Bayerischer Wald National Park with Arber region and Hohem Bogen
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Poland Beskid Slaski Mountains

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 1600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Regulus ignicapilla. Downloaded from on 22/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/05/2022.