LC
Common Diving-petrel Pelecanoides urinatrix



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
Brooke, M. de L. 2004. Albatrosses and Petrels Across the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 83,100,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 17,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2004
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 12.1 - - -

Population justification: Brooke (2004) estimated the global population to exceed 16,000,000 individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to predation by invasive species.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Antarctica V Extant
Argentina N Extant
Australia N Extant Yes
Brazil U Extant
Chile N Extant Yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) N Extant Yes
French Southern Territories N Extant Yes
Heard Island and McDonald Islands (to Australia) N Extant Yes
New Zealand N Extant Yes
Norfolk Island (to Australia) U Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands N Extant Yes
St Helena (to UK) N Extant Yes
Uruguay N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
French Southern Territories Île de l'Est
French Southern Territories Îles des Apôtres
French Southern Territories Île des Pingouins
Chile Islas Diego Ramírez
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands South Georgia - mainland, islands, islets and stacks
Australia Albatross Island and Black Pyramid Rock
Chile Islas Diego Ramírez y Rocas Norte
New Zealand Trio Islands
New Zealand Brother Islands (North & South)
New Zealand Ruamaahua Aldermen Islands
New Zealand Karewa Island
New Zealand Motuotau Island
New Zealand Motunau Island (Plate Island)
New Zealand Bay of Plenty Islands
New Zealand Rangiauria Pitt Island
New Zealand Mangere
New Zealand Rangatira South East Island
New Zealand Star Keys Motuhope
New Zealand The Sisters Rangitatahi
New Zealand Mercury Islands
New Zealand Stanley Island (Atiu)
New Zealand Great Island
New Zealand Saddle Island
New Zealand Wooded Island
New Zealand Hen and Chicken Islands
New Zealand Marotere Chickens Islands
New Zealand Mokohinau Islands
New Zealand Motuharakeke Island (Kaeo)
New Zealand Motuopao Island
New Zealand Poor Knights Islands
New Zealand Stephenson Island
New Zealand Sugarloaf Island
New Zealand Manawatawhi Three Kings Islands
New Zealand Bream islands
New Zealand Cavalli Islands
New Zealand Northern Titi Muttonbird Islands
New Zealand Whenua Hou Codfish Island
New Zealand Stewart Island / the rest
New Zealand Campbell Islands
New Zealand Snares (eastern islands)
New Zealand Enderby Group
New Zealand Disappointment Island
New Zealand Antipodes Islands
New Zealand Solander Islands
New Zealand Saddleback Island
New Zealand Motumahunga Island
New Zealand Mana Island
New Zealand Poor Knights Islands
New Zealand Taranga Hen Island
New Zealand Te Hauturu-o-Toi Little Barrier Island
New Zealand Mokohinau Islands
New Zealand Mercury Islands
New Zealand Alderman (Ruamaahua) Islands
New Zealand Takapourewa Stephens Island
New Zealand Codfish Island/Whenua Hou
New Zealand Northern Muttonbird (Titi) Islands
New Zealand Solander Islands
New Zealand Campbell Island
New Zealand Antipodes Islands
New Zealand Chalky Preservation Inlets
New Zealand Southern Titi Muttonbird Islands
New Zealand The Brothers Islands
New Zealand Tuku
New Zealand Western Chain
New Zealand Moeraki Katiki Point
New Zealand Snares (offshore)

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subantarctic major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) suitable non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) suitable breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) suitable non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases - Named species Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Pelecanoides urinatrix. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/01/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/01/2022.