LC
Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 27,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 23,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 500000000-799999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 185,000,000-269,000,000 pairs, which equates to 371,000,000-537,000,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.70% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 530,000,000-767,000,000 mature individuals, although this estimate requires further validation.

Trend justification: In Europe the overall trend from 1980-2013 was a moderate increase (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Australia I Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bhutan V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
China (mainland) V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland N Extant Yes
India V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia V Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
New Zealand I Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar U Extant
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan V Extant
Thailand V Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Zemaitija National Park
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Rodnei Mountains
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Romania Retezat Mountains
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Slovenia Ribnica valley
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia River Mura
Slovenia Karst
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Poland Pisz forest
Greece Mount Athos and surrounding marine area
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mount Cholomontas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Mount Kedros and Kourtaliotiko gorge, Crete
Greece Mount Idi, Crete
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas), Crete
Greece Mount Dikti, Crete
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Thasos island and Xironisi islet
Greece Nisyros island and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Kryoneritis, Crete
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Mounts Agia Dynati and Kokkini Rachi, Kefalonia
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Mount Kochylas, Skyros
Greece Western Skyros and islets
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Paramythia mountains
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Fournoi island
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Asvestades - Vrysika area
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lake Kastoria
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Samothraki island
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Luosto
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Russia (European) Zaonezh'ye
Spain Mountain of Agua, gully of Los Cochinos and gully of Cuevas Negras
Spain Santa Trsula and La Victoria laurel forest
Spain Step rocks of Hermigua and Agulo
Spain Garajonay National Park
Spain La Palma laurel forest
Spain La Caldera de Taburiente National Park
Spain Ventejís mountain
Spain Frontera laurel forest
Russia (European) Kenozer'ye
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
France Marais de Sacy
France Col de l'Escrinet
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Adda mouth
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Ortazzo and Ortazzino
Italy Vico lake
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Foreste Casentinesi
Italy Val Grande
Serbia Bosutska forest
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Horna Orava
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Spain Posets-Maladeta
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Lobau
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Machland
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Poland Gorce mountains
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Wendesser moor
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Tenis
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of the Tuy river
Russia (Central Asian) Marsh southward of village Stepanovka near Okunevo Lake
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Belasitza mountain
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Kamenski Bair
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay
Bulgaria Malak Preslavets marsh
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Bulgaria Rupite
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Bulgaria Emine
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Montagne de la Serre
France Pointe de Grave
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
Jordan Ajloun
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Ukraine KardashinskI mires
Lebanon Taanayel Pond
Ukraine Krasnopols'kyj Forest
Lebanon Tannourine Nature Reserve
Ukraine Sinelnikov Complex
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Eckerö and Hammarland archipelago
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Armenia Haghartsin
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon
Kazakhstan Russkiy Zharkol
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Fringilla coelebs. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2020.