LC
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 84.90000153 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 52,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 21,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.3 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated at 160,000-600,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 7,800-14,900 pairs, which equates to 15,700-29,900 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). The European population trend is estimated to be fluctuating (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Barbados V Extant
Belgium V Extant
Benin N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Botswana N Extant
Brazil V Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) V Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czech Republic V Extant
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti V Extant
Egypt N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant
Germany V Extant
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mauritius V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Slovakia V Extant
Slovenia N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Swaziland N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Albania Karavasta Lagoon
Algeria Marais de Mekhada
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Azerbaijan Glynanyi island
Azerbaijan Pirsagat Islands and Los Island
Botswana Lake Ngami
Botswana Okavango Delta
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex
Bulgaria Shabla Lake Complex
Bulgaria Tsalapitsa Rice-fields
Cameroon Logone flood-plain
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Egypt Lake Burullus
France Camargue
Gambia Bao Bolon Wetland Reserve
Gambia Dankunku wetlands
Gambia Jakhaly rice-fields
Gambia Samba Sotor to Kaur wetlands
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Evros delta
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Guinea-Bissau Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley
Israel Western Negev
Italy Biviere and Plain of Gela
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy Sinis and Oristano wetlands
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo
Mali Séri
Mauritania Gâat Mahmoûdé
Montenegro Ulcinj saltpans
Portugal Albufeira do Caia
Portugal Castro Marim
Portugal Castro Verde plains
Portugal Évora plains
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos
Portugal Reguengos de Monsaraz
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Portugal Sado estuary
Portugal Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa
Portugal Tejo estuary
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Ianca - Plopul - Sărat
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Lake Bugeac
Romania Lake Dunăreni
Romania Lake Oltina
Romania Lake Tataru
Russia (European) Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan)
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don
Russia (European) Kazachka
Russia (European) Mouth of Yeya river
Russia (European) Temirgoiskiye lakes
Saudi Arabia Mahazat as-Sayd
Saudi Arabia Makkah waste-water stream
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons
Spain Almenara marshes
Spain Cádiz bay
Spain Ebro delta
Spain El Moro marshes
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain La Janda
Spain La Serena
Spain Lácara-Morante
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita
Spain Prat de Cabanes-Torreblanca
Spain Valdehornillos-Santa Amalia
Tanzania Lake Kitangire
Tanzania Tarangire National Park
Tanzania Usangu flats
Tunisia Garaet Mabtouh
Tunisia Ichkeul
Tunisia Lagune de Korba
Turkey Bafa Lake
Turkey Büyük Menderes Delta
Turkey Cizre and Silopi
Turkey Ereğli Plain
Turkey Gediz Delta
Turkey Göksu Delta
Turkey Hotamış Marshes
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Turkey Kocaçay Delta
Turkey Kulu Lake
Turkey Meriç Delta
Turkey Saros Bay
Turkey Seyhan Delta
Turkey Sultan Marsh
Turkey Tuz Lake
Ukraine Jansheijs'ke lake
Ukraine Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh
Ukraine Kryva peninsula
Ukraine Molochna river valley
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman
Ukraine Sasyk lake
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays
Zambia Bangweulu Swamps
Zambia Barotse Floodplains
Zambia Kafue Flats
Zambia Liuwa Plain National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Glareola pratincola. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/10/2017.