LC
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass 85 g
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 52,700,000 km2 medium
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 21,300,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size unknown poor estimated 2012
Population trend decreasing - suspected -
Generation length 7.3 years - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated at 160,000-600,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 7,800-14,900 pairs, which equates to 15,700-29,900 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). The European population trend is estimated to be fluctuating (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Afghanistan extant native yes yes
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant native yes
Angola extant native
Armenia extant native yes
Austria extant vagrant
Azerbaijan extant native yes yes
Bahrain extant native yes
Barbados extant vagrant
Belgium extant vagrant
Benin extant native
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native yes
Botswana extant native
Brazil extant vagrant yes
Bulgaria extant native yes yes
Burkina Faso extant native
Burundi extant native
Cameroon extant native
Cape Verde extant vagrant
Central African Republic extant native
Chad extant native
China (mainland) extant vagrant
Congo extant native
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the extant native
Côte d'Ivoire extant native
Croatia extant native yes
Cyprus extant native yes
Czechia extant vagrant
Denmark extant vagrant
Djibouti extant vagrant
Egypt extant native yes
Equatorial Guinea extant native
Eritrea extant native
Estonia extant native
Eswatini extant native
Ethiopia extant native
Finland extant vagrant
France extant native yes
Gabon extant native
Gambia extant native
Georgia extant native
Germany extant vagrant
Ghana extant native
Gibraltar (to UK) extant vagrant
Greece extant native yes yes
Guinea extant native
Guinea-Bissau extant native
Hungary extant native yes
India extant native
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes yes
Iraq extant native yes yes
Ireland extant vagrant
Israel extant native yes
Italy extant native yes yes
Jordan extant native yes yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kenya extant native
Kuwait extant native yes
Kyrgyzstan extant native yes
Latvia extant vagrant
Lebanon extant native yes
Liberia extant native
Libya extant native
Malawi extant native
Mali extant native
Malta extant native yes
Mauritania extant native
Mauritius extant vagrant
Moldova extant native yes yes
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant native
Mozambique extant native
Namibia extant native
Netherlands extant vagrant
Niger extant native
Nigeria extant native
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant vagrant
Oman extant native yes yes
Pakistan extant native
Palestine extant native yes
Poland extant vagrant
Portugal extant native yes
Qatar extant native yes
Romania extant native yes
Russia extant native yes yes
Russia (European) extant native yes yes
Rwanda extant native
Saudi Arabia extant native yes
Senegal extant native
Serbia extant native yes
Seychelles extant vagrant
Sierra Leone extant native
Slovakia extant vagrant
Slovenia extant vagrant
Somalia extant native
South Africa extant native
South Sudan extant native yes yes
Spain extant native yes yes
Sri Lanka extant native
Sudan extant native
Sweden extant vagrant
Switzerland extant vagrant
Syria extant native yes yes
Tajikistan extant native yes
Tanzania extant native
Togo extant native
Tunisia extant native yes
Türkiye extant native yes yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes
Uganda extant native
Ukraine extant native yes yes
United Arab Emirates extant native yes
United Kingdom extant vagrant
Uzbekistan extant native yes
Western Sahara extant native
Yemen extant native yes
Zambia extant native yes
Zimbabwe extant native

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Azerbaijan Glynanyi island (and Alat bay)
Azerbaijan Pirsagat Islands and Los Island
Portugal Castro Marim
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Portugal Sado estuary
Portugal Tejo estuary
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos
Türkiye Meriç Delta
Türkiye Kocaçay Delta
Türkiye Bafa Lake
Türkiye Büyük Menderes Delta
Türkiye Sultan Marsh
Türkiye Ereğli Plain
Türkiye Hotamış Marshes
Türkiye Göksu Delta
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Evros delta
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Ukraine Sasyk lake
Ukraine Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Molochna river valley
France Camargue
Albania Karavasta Lagoon
Türkiye Tuz Lake
Botswana Okavango Delta
Botswana Lake Ngami
Cameroon Logone flood-plain
Algeria Marais de Mekhada
Egypt Lake Burullus
Gambia Bao Bolon Wetland Reserve
Gambia Samba Soto to Kaur wetlands
Gambia Dankunku wetlands
Gambia Jakhaly rice-fields
Guinea-Bissau Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo
Mali Séri
Tunisia Ichkeul
Tunisia Garaet Mabtouh
Tunisia Lagunes de Korba
Tanzania Tarangire National Park
Tanzania Lake Kitangire
Tanzania Usangu flats
Zambia Kafue Flats
Zambia Bangweulu Swamps
Ukraine Kryva peninsula
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman
Ukraine Jansheijs'ke lake
Türkiye Saros Bay
Türkiye Cizre and Silopi
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley
Israel Western Negev
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Saudi Arabia Mahazat as-Sayd
Saudi Arabia Makkah waste-water stream
Mauritania Gâat Mahmoûdé
Russia (European) Temirgoiskiye lakes
Russia (European) Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan)
Portugal Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa
Portugal Évora plains
Portugal Castro Verde plains
Portugal Albufeira do Caia
Portugal Reguengos de Monsaraz
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Tsalapitsa Rice-fields
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex
Bulgaria Shabla Lake Complex
Türkiye Kulu Lake
Türkiye Seyhan Delta
Türkiye Gediz Delta
Türkiye Kızılırmak Delta
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Biviere and Plain of Gela
Italy Sinis and Oristano wetlands
Russia (European) Kazachka
Romania Lake Bugeac
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Ianca - Plopul - Sărat
Romania Lake Dunăreni
Romania Lake Tataru
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Lake Oltina
Spain Ebro delta
Spain Prat de Cabanes-Torreblanca
Spain Almenara marshes
Spain El Moro marshes
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons
Spain La Janda
Spain Cádiz bay
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain La Serena
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita
Spain Valdehornillos-Santa Amalia
Spain Lácara-Morante
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs
Iraq Mosul Lake
Senegal Djoudj wetlands
Mauritania Diawling National Park
Montenegro Bojana Delta
Montenegro Ulcinj saltpans

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Glareola pratincola. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/collared-pratincole-glareola-pratincola on 22/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 22/02/2024.