LC
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 85 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 52,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 21,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.3 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated at 160,000-600,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 7,800-14,900 pairs, which equates to 15,700-29,900 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). The European population trend is estimated to be fluctuating (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria V Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Barbados V Extant
Belgium V Extant
Benin N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Brazil V Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Cape Verde V Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) V Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia V Extant
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti V Extant
Egypt N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant
Germany V Extant
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Mauritius V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Slovakia V Extant
Slovenia V Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Pafos Plain
Montenegro Ulcinj saltpans
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Azerbaijan Glynanyi island
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Azerbaijan Mugan steppe
Azerbaijan Pirsagat Islands and Los Island
Cyprus Phasouri reedbeds
Portugal Castro Marim
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Portugal Sado estuary
Portugal Tejo estuary
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Burgasko Lake
Romania Lake Strachina
Romania Lake Tataru
Turkey Meriç Delta
Turkey Kocaçay Delta
Turkey Gediz Delta
Turkey Bafa Lake
Turkey Büyük Menderes Delta
Turkey Sultan Marsh
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Turkey Ereğli Plain
Turkey Eşmekaya Marshes
Turkey Hotamış Marshes
Turkey Göksu Delta
Turkey Tuzla lake
Turkey Agyatan Lake
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Evros delta
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Russia (European) Adzhi Lake
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don
Russia (European) Salt lakes in the Primorsko-Akhtarsk area
Russia (European) Mouth of Yeya river
Russia (European) Lake Manych-Gudilo
Spain La Janda
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes
Spain Prat de Cabanes-Torreblanca
Spain Ebro delta
Spain La Serena
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons
Spain El Moro marshes
Spain Valdehornillos-Santa Amalia
Spain Wetlands of western Almería
Spain Cádiz bay
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita
Spain Almenara marshes
Spain Lácara-Morante
Ukraine Kryva peninsula
Ukraine Sasyk lake
Ukraine Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system
Ukraine Jansheijs'ke lake
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Elanchyk river valley
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Molochna river valley
Ukraine Lake near Magazinka village
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Camargue
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Oristano wetlands
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy Biviere and Plain of Gela
Italy Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini
Albania Karavasta Lagoon
Armenia Armash fish-farm
Turkey Tuz Lake
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Botswana Okavango Delta
Botswana Lake Ngami
Cameroon Logone flood-plain
Algeria Marais de Mekhada
Egypt Lake Burullus
Gambia Bao Bolon Wetland Reserve
Gambia Samba Sotor to Kaur wetlands
Gambia Dankunku wetlands
Gambia Jakhaly rice-fields
Guinea-Bissau Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo
Mali Séri
Tunisia Ichkeul
Tunisia Garaet Mabtouh
Tunisia Lagunes de Korba
Tanzania Tarangire National Park
Tanzania Lake Kitangire
Tanzania Usangu flats
Zambia Liuwa Plain National Park
Zambia Barotse Floodplains
Zambia Kafue Flats
Zambia Bangweulu Swamps
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman
Italy Sinis and Oristano wetlands
Turkey Saros Bay
Turkey Cizre and Silopi
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley
Israel Western Negev
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Saudi Arabia Mahazat as-Sayd
Saudi Arabia Makkah waste-water stream
Mauritania Gâat Mahmoûdé
Russia (European) Temirgoiskiye lakes
Russia (European) Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan)
Russia (European) Shabel'skaya sand-spit
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Portugal Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa
Portugal Évora plains
Portugal Castro Verde plains
Portugal Albufeira do Caia
Portugal Reguengos de Monsaraz
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etang du Bagnas
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gordeh Git and Mamiyand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bibishervan and Lake Eymar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hari Rud valley near Sarrakhs
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Jordan Azraq
Bulgaria Tsalapitsa Rice-fields
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex
Bulgaria Shabla Lake Complex
Russia (European) Kissyk area
Russia (European) Nizhnekumskiye floods
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Turkmenistan Mergen
Russia (European) Taman'
Russia (European) Karakol'skiye lakes
Turkey Kulu Lake
Turkey Ceyhan Delta
Turkey Seyhan Delta
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs
Russia (European) Kazachka
Romania Lake Bugeac
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Ianca - Plopul - Sărat
Romania Lake Dunăreni
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Lake Oltina
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve
Hungary Alkaline lakes of Kiskunság
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Iraq Mosul Lake
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
Mauritania Lac de Mâl
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Mauritania Chott Boul
Senegal Djoudj wetlands
Mauritania Diawling National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Glareola pratincola. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/09/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/09/2020.