LC
Coal Tit Periparus ater



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Eck, S. and Martens, J. 2006. Systematic notes on Asian birds. 49. A preliminary review of the Aegithalidae, Remizidae and Paridae. Zoologische Mededelingen 80-5(1): 1-63.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2010 Least Concern
2008 Not Recognised
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 52,500,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 90000000-164999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend decreasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 15,900,000-28,800,000 pairs, which equates to 31,800,000-57,500,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.35% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 90,850,000-164,290,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is estimated to be fluctuating based on records of regional trends in recent years (del Hoyo et al. 2007).The European population is estimated to have experienced a moderate decline between 1980 and 2013 (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan extant native yes
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant native yes
Andorra extant native yes
Armenia extant native yes
Austria extant native yes
Azerbaijan extant native yes
Belarus extant native yes
Belgium extant native yes
Bhutan extant native yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native yes
Bulgaria extant native yes
China (mainland) extant native yes
Croatia extant native yes
Cyprus extant native yes
Czechia extant native yes
Denmark extant native yes
Estonia extant native yes
Finland extant native yes
France extant native yes
Georgia extant native yes
Germany extant native yes
Greece extant native yes
Hungary extant native yes
India extant native yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes
Ireland extant native yes
Israel extant native yes
Italy extant native yes
Japan extant native yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kyrgyzstan extant native yes
Latvia extant native yes
Lebanon extant native yes
Liechtenstein extant native yes
Lithuania extant native yes
Luxembourg extant native yes
Mongolia extant native yes
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant native yes
Myanmar extant native yes
Nepal extant native yes
Netherlands extant native yes
North Korea extant native yes
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant native yes
Pakistan extant native yes
Poland extant native yes
Portugal extant native yes
Romania extant native yes
Russia extant native yes
Russia (Asian) extant native yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant native yes
Russia (European) extant native yes
Serbia extant native yes
Slovakia extant native yes
Slovenia extant native yes
South Korea extant native yes
Spain extant native yes
Sweden extant native yes
Switzerland extant native yes
Taiwan, China extant native yes
Tunisia extant native yes
Turkey extant native yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes
Ukraine extant native yes
United Kingdom extant native yes
Uzbekistan extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa
Cyprus Mahairas Forest - Tzionia
Cyprus Pafos Forest
Cyprus Troodos Forest
Cyprus Xylourikos Valley

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal major breeding
Forest Boreal major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4570 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Periparus ater. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/coal-tit-periparus-ater on 06/06/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 06/06/2023.