Citril Finch Carduelis citrinella


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,110,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 500000-565000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.4 - - -

Population justification: The breeding population, which is confined to Europe, is estimated to number 250,000-283,000 pairs, which equates to 500,000-565,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The population size is estimated to be decreasing by less than 25% in 13.2 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Andorra N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal V Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Liechtenstein Garselli-Zigerberg, Alpengebiet
Slovenia Julijci
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa
Spain Posets-Maladeta
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Anzasca and Antrona valleys
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Italy Dolomites
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side)
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Switzerland Mont Tendre
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Gurnigel
Switzerland Augstmatthorn
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt
Switzerland Aletsch region
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park
Switzerland Simplon region
Switzerland Maggia valley
Switzerland Piora - Dötra
Switzerland Bregaglia valley
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Germany Simonswald-Rohrhardsberg
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Central Black Forest
Spain Alt Pallars
Spain Cerdaña
Spain Boumort mountains
Spain Cadí mountains
Spain La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range)
Spain La Demanda mountains
Spain Fuentes Carrionas
Spain Collarada-Telera
Spain Panticosa-Vignemale-Tendeñera
Spain Gistaín-Cotiella
Spain Oturia-Canciás
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Bois du Chapitre
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau
France Forêts domaniales de Corse
France Vallée de la Restonica
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique
France Cirque de Gavarnie
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
Italy Mount Arcosu
Italy Ligurian Alps
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Austria Slope forests in the Klostertal
Switzerland La Brévine and Les Ponts-de-Martel
Switzerland Jura mountains of Baselland - Solothurn
Germany Feldberg in the Black Forest
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Karwendel
Germany Southern Black Forest
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Wetterstein mountain range

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate major resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 1500 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits 700 - 3300 m

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Carduelis citrinella. Downloaded from on 06/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 06/12/2022.