Citril Finch Carduelis citrinella


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,110,000
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals 500000-565000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend decreasing suspected -
Generation length (years) 4.4 - - -

Population justification: The breeding population, which is confined to Europe, is estimated to number 250,000-283,000 pairs, which equates to 500,000-565,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The population size is estimated to be decreasing by less than 25% in 13.2 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Andorra extant native yes
Austria extant native yes
Belgium extant vagrant
France extant native yes yes
Germany extant native yes
Italy extant native yes
Liechtenstein extant native yes
Montenegro extant native yes
Poland extant vagrant
Portugal extant vagrant
Serbia extant native yes
Slovenia extant native yes
Spain extant native yes
Switzerland extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Karwendel
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa
Spain Posets-Maladeta
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Liechtenstein Garselli-Zigerberg, Alpengebiet
Switzerland Mont Tendre
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Gurnigel
Switzerland Augstmatthorn
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt
Switzerland Aletsch region
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park
Switzerland Simplon region
Switzerland Maggia valley
Switzerland Piora - Dötra
Switzerland Bregaglia valley
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Northern Black Forest

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate major resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 1500 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits 700 - 3300 m

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Carduelis citrinella. Downloaded from on 21/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/09/2023.