Cinnamon Teal Spatula cyanoptera


Taxonomic note
Spatula cyanoptera (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Anas.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 34,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 30,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 380000 poor inferred 2018
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: The global population is inferred to number 380,000 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2020).

Trend justification: The population in North America is in decline (Pardieck et al. 2018; Partners in Flight 2020), but this only represents part of the global range. Populations elsewhere may be stable or have declining trends (Wetlands International 2020). Overall, a slow decline is suspected.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Antigua and Barbuda V Extant
Argentina N Extant Yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) V Extant
Bahamas V Extant
Belize N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Canada N Extant Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) V Extant
Chile N Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Cuba V Extant
Ecuador N Extant Yes
El Salvador N Extant Yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Honduras V Extant
Jamaica V Extant
Mexico N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) V Extant
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) V Extant
Uruguay N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes Yes Yes Yes
Venezuela N Extant Yes Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Peru Laguna de Ite
Paraguay Parque Nacional Tinfunqué - Estero Patiño
Mexico Delta del Río Colorado
USA Bear River Bay UT02
Mexico Istmo de Tehuantepec - Mar Muerto
Chile Desembocadura del Río Lluta
Mexico Lago de Texcoco
Colombia Reserva Natural Laguna de Sonso

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Species mortality

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Spatula cyanoptera. Downloaded from on 19/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 19/08/2022.