Cinnamon-breasted Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus


Justification of Red List category
Although this species may have a restricted range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km² combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population size may be moderately small to large, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Population justification
No direct censuses or population estimates have been carried out. A study applying habitat and population-density models calculated the population size to exceed 37,000.

Trend justification
There is no direct data on population trends. A recent analysis of forest loss data from 2000-2012 indicated that forest was lost within the species’s mapped range at a rate equivalent to 0.9% across three generations (10.8 years; Tracewski et al. 2016). The species’s range map has since been revised, with the newly-discovered locality at Naytza added (among other refinements). Nevertheless, we have no information to suggest that the rate of forest loss would be significantly different across the newly mapped distribution range. Assuming the population size is approximately proportional to the area of forest cover, the species’s population size is inferred to be stable, or slowly declining. 

Another study, which examined land cover change within the species’ mapped range and modelled the corresponding population sizes, calculated that the species’s population had declined by 0.12% across three generations (Santini et al. 2019).

Distribution and population

Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus is known only from a few localities on remote and isolated mountain ranges in extreme south Ecuador and north Peru, where it is rare to uncommon (Ridgely and Tudor 1994; Ridgely and Greenfield 2001; Schulenberg et al. 2007). There are records from the south Cordillera del Cóndor (Zamora-Chinchipe) and recently at Naytza (Morona-Santiago) (Ágreda et al. 2005), Ecuador, and Cajamarca, Peru, and from the Cordillera de Colán (Amazonas) and Abra Patricia (San Martín), Peru (Ridgely and Tudor 1994).


This poorly known flycatcher is restricted to the undergrowth of dense, mossy montane forest, at 1,700-2,200 m (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001, Schulenberg et al. 2007).


The Cordillera de Colán is being deforested for cash crops, particularly marijuana and coffee (Davies et al. 1997). In the Cordillera del Cóndor in Ecuador, silica mining (Ágreda et al. 2005) or gold mining (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001) are currently the main threats; some areas of the Cordillera del Cóndor in which the species previously occurred have been entirely denuded by gold mining (N. Krabbe in litt. 2011), and new open pit developments will destroy further habitat in which the species has been recorded (J. Freile in litt. 2012). The "tepuis" of the Nangaritza Valley could provide a safe haven, since they are to all intents and purposes inaccessible and their soils are too poor to be attractive for agricultural purposes (Freile et al. 2014).

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway

It is protected within the 3,100 ha Abra Patricia-Alto Nieva Private Conservation Area (PCA) and also occurs in the 6,700 ha Abra Patricia-Alto Nieva Conservation Concession (D. Lebbin in litt. 2012).

Conservation Actions Proposed

Designate and effectively protect areas of montane forest within its range. Promote conservation of forests among local people. Study the species's ecology and determine its ability to persist in degraded and fragmented habitats. Survey unexplored parts of the Cordilleras del Cóndor and Colán.


Text account compilers
O'Brien, A., Smith, D., Isherwood, I., Capper, D., Sharpe, C.J., Symes, A.

Freile, J., Krabbe, N. & Lebbin, D.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus. Downloaded from on 02/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 02/03/2024.