Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher Todiramphus australasia


Justification of Red List Category
This species is listed as Near Threatened as it is currently considered to have a moderately small and fragmented population which is likely to be declining owing to habitat loss. A re-assessment of the potential population size may mean that the species warrants downlisting in the future.

Population justification
The population size of this species has not been quantified, but it has been described as generally uncommon, and it does maintain healthy populations in many areas (see Trainor and Verbelen 2013).

Trend justification
Data on trends are lacking, but a slow to moderate decline is suspected to have occurred as this species depends on closed-canopy forest, which has been affected by development and logging within its range.

Distribution and population

Todiramphus australasia is restricted to four Endemic Bird Areas (Northern Nusa Tenggara, Sumba, Timor and Wetar, and the Banda Sea Islands, the first three with nominate australasia, the last one with subspecies dammeriana and odites), in Indonesia and Timor-Leste. Its distribution within this fairly wide area is, however, very patchy, and it is generally uncommon, although a recent visit to Wetar found the species to be widespread, occurring at all forest sites (Trainor et al. 2009).


This species is a closed-canopy specialist, occurring in monsoon forest at 0-700 m. It is also found in secondary habitats, such as gardens and cultivated areas, provided that sufficient canopy cover remains.


Habitat loss and degradation seem likely to be considerable negative factors. On Wetar, pressure comes from agriculture, logging, mining and road-building, although much of the island is inaccessible (Trainor et al. 2009).

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
None are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor populations across its range to determine whether declines are occurring. Conduct ecological studies to determine its habitat requirements and tolerance of secondary habitats. Effectively protect significant areas of suitable forest at key sites, in both strictly protected areas and community-led multiple use areas.


Text account compilers
Taylor, J., Westrip, J., Khwaja, N., Benstead, P., Gilroy, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Todiramphus australasia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/01/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/01/2021.