NT
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened C1
2013 Near Threatened C1
2012 Near Threatened C1
2008 Near Threatened C1
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 20,300,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 27,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 15600-21000 medium estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 1-19 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 1-19 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16 - - -

Population justification: Its global population is estimated to number 7,800-10,500 pairs, roughly equating to 15,600-21,000 mature individuals. This consists of 2,300-2,500 pairs in Europe (BirdLife International 2004, Anon. 2004) and 5,500-8,000 pairs in Asia (Anon. 2004). The population in Korea has been estimated at c.50-10,000 wintering individuals (Brazil 2009). The estimate roughly equates to 23,400-31,500 individuals.

Trend justification: Although the European population is increasing, the much larger Asian population appears to be in decline. Overall, a slow to moderate and on-going decline is suspected.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania U Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria V Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bangladesh V Extant Yes
Belarus V Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Cambodia V Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes Yes
Croatia N Extant
Cyprus N Extinct Yes
Czech Republic V Extinct Yes
Egypt V Extant Yes
France R Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes Yes
Germany V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary V Extant
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extinct Yes
Japan V Extant
Jordan V Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of N Extant Yes
Malaysia V Extant
Moldova N Extinct Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant
Morocco U Extant
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands V Extant
North Korea N Extant Yes
Oman V Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extinct Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant
Slovakia V Extant
Slovenia N Extinct Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Switzerland V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Taiwan (China) V Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Thailand V Extant
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant
Yemen V Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Azerbaijan Gekchai Bozdag mountains
Azerbaijan Lachin area
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Meskheti
Greece Dadias-Dereiou-Aisimis forest
Greece Filiouri river valley and east Rodopi mountains
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Mooteh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Sarani
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Almaty State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Altyn-Emel National Park
Kazakhstan Arys-Karaktau State Reserved Zone
Kazakhstan Assy Plateau
Kazakhstan Big Almaty Gorge
Kazakhstan Toraygyr Ridge
Kazakhstan Upper Charyn
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Western Alai, Kok-Suu river
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area
Nepal Barandabhar forests and wetlands
Nepal Chitwan National Park
Nepal Dang Deukhuri foothill forests and west Rapti wetlands
Nepal Dharan forests
Nepal Farmlands in Lumbini area
Nepal Khaptad National Park
Nepal Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage
Nepal Langtang National Park
Nepal Mai Valley forests
Nepal Nawalparasi forests
Nepal Sagarmatha National Park
Portugal Malcata mountains
Portugal River Guadiana
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões
Portugal Upper River Tejo
Russia (Central Asian) Korgonskaya
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube
Russia (European) Bazarduyzi and Shalbuzdag alpine mountains
Russia (European) Berkubinski forest
Russia (European) Kasumkentski reserve
Russia (European) Malka river ravine
Russia (European) Orota depression
Russia (European) Ravine of Eshkakon river
Russia (European) Samurski ridge
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers
Spain Alcudia valley and mountain range
Spain Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza
Spain Canalizos mountain range (Saceruela)
Spain Cedillo reservoir
Spain Cijara reservoir
Spain Coria mountain ranges
Spain East Gata mountain range
Spain El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas
Spain El Rebollar
Spain Gabriel y Galán reservoir
Spain Iruelas valley
Spain Lácara-Morante
Spain Las Contiendas mountain range
Spain Las Villuercas mountain range
Spain Madrona and Andújar mountain ranges
Spain Monfragüe
Spain Northern slope of Guadarrama mountain range
Spain Olivenza-La Albuera
Spain Peña de Francia
Spain Rosarito and Navalcán reservoirs-La Iglesuela (Tietar valley)
Spain San Pedro mountain range
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba
Spain Sierra Morena de Sevilla
Spain Sierra Pelada mountain range
Spain Toledo mountains-Cabañeros
Spain Tramuntana mountains
Spain West Andévalo
Syria Jabal Abdul Aziz
Syria Tadmur desert and mountains
Tajikistan Aktash massif
Tajikistan Dashtidjum
Tajikistan Dzhavshangoz
Tajikistan Ishkashim
Tajikistan Iskanderkul lake and mountains
Tajikistan Kayrakkum Reservoir
Tajikistan Kondara Gorge
Tajikistan Mogoltau massif
Turkey Akdağ - Çivril
Turkey Ardahan forest
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains
Turkey İğdır Plain
Turkey Kızılcahamam Forests
Turkey Köroğlu Mountains
Turkey Murat Mountain
Turkey Sarıkamış Forest
Turkey Sarıyar Reservoir
Turkey Şemdinli Valley
Turkey Sündiken Mountains
Turkey Türkmenbaba Mountain
Turkmenistan Badhyz
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag
Turkmenistan Garabil
Turkmenistan Garachop
Turkmenistan Koytendag
Turkmenistan Kurtusuv - Khovudan
Turkmenistan Sumbar
Turkmenistan Uly Balkan
Ukraine Crimean Nature Reserve
Uzbekistan Angren Plateau
Uzbekistan Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve
Uzbekistan Bukantau Mountain Range
Uzbekistan Central section of the Kurama Mountain Range
Uzbekistan Darasay Gorge
Uzbekistan Dzheiran Ecocentre
Uzbekistan Dzhum-Dzhum
Uzbekistan Gissar State Nature Reserve
Uzbekistan Karnabchul Steppe
Uzbekistan Middle reaches of the Sherabad River
Uzbekistan Mount Aktau
Uzbekistan Nuratau Range
Uzbekistan Oygaing River Valley
Uzbekistan Pulatkhan Gorge
Uzbekistan South-west Gizzar Foothills
Uzbekistan Tereklisay section of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Altitude 300 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 4900 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Medicine - human & veterinary - - Non-trivial Recent
Other household goods - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Aegypius monachus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2017.