NT
Cinereous Bunting Emberiza cineracea



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened C1
2015 Near Threatened C1
2012 Near Threatened C1
2008 Near Threatened C1
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Land-mass type - shelf island
Average mass 24.29999924 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 506,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 536,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 8600-13600 medium estimated 2015
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 6,400-11,400 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015) and there are thought to be less than 100 pairs in Iran and a minimum of 1,000 pairs in Iraq (R. Porter in litt. 2015). The global population is therefore estimated to number 8,600-13,600 mature individuals roughly equating to 12,900-20,400 individuals in total, here placed in the band 10,000-19,999 individuals.

Trend justification: A slow to moderate overall decline is suspected, based on reported declines in Turkey (which holds the majority of the global breeding population) of 1-19% during 1990-2013 (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Egypt N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia U Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman V Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan V Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Eritrea Dehalak Archipelago and offshore islands
Greece Ikaria island
Greece Mount Kohilas, Skyros island
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece North Chios
Greece South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ilam area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Western Zagros north of Nowsud
Iraq Benavi and Sararu
Iraq Dure (Dori Serguza)
Iraq Ser Amadiya and Sulav Resort
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains
Palestinian Authority Territories Ein Al-Fashkha
Saudi Arabia Jabal Aja and Northern Ha'il
Saudi Arabia Wadi Turabah and Jabal Ibrahim
Turkey Alaçatı
Turkey Amanos Mountains
Turkey Bey Mountains
Turkey Datça and Bozburun Peninsula
Turkey Dicle Valley
Turkey Dilek Peninsula
Turkey Girdev Lake and Akdağlar
Turkey Karaburun and İldir Strait Islands
Turkey Küpeli Mountain
Turkey Mardin Threshold
Turkey Nemrut Mountain
Turkey Southern Euphrates Valley and Birecik Plains
Turkey Tanin Tanin Mountains
Turkey Yeşilce
Yemen Haraz mountains
Yemen Jabal Sumarah
Yemen Mahwit

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Desert Temperate suitable breeding
Desert Temperate suitable non-breeding
Other suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Dams (size unknown) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Emberiza cineracea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/01/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/01/2019.