Christmas Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi


Arifin, Z. 2004. Local Millenium Ecosystem Assessment : Condition and Trend of the Greater Jakarta Bay Ecosystem.Report Submitted to Assistant Deputy for Coastal and Marine Ecosystem. The Ministry of Environment, Republic of Indonesia.

Arivanantham, R. 2014. Christmas Frigatebird spotted near Arabian Sea. Available at: (Accessed: 11/06/2015).

Burung Laut Indonesia. 2013. Indonesian Bird Survey 2013 - The population trends and threat of Christmas Island Frigatebird in Jakarta Bay.

Catterrall, M. 1997. Bird survey report of Buton Island 1996-1997. Available at: #

Conlin, A. 2013. Christmas Island Frigatebird in Thailand. Birding World 26(8): 345.

Hennicke, J. 2014. Christmas Island Frigatebird – Assessment by Janos Hennicke. CEBC-CNRS/University of Hamburg.

Hennicke, J.C. & H. Weimerskirch. 2014b. Coping with variable and oligotrophic tropical waters: Foraging behaviour and flexibility of the Abbott’s Booby. Marine Ecology Progress Series 499: 259-273.

Hennicke, J.C., James, D.J., Weimerskirch, H. 2015. Sex specific habitat utilisation and differential breeding investments in Christmas Island Frigatebirds throughout the breeding cycle.

Hill, R.; Dunn, A. 2004. National recovery plan for the Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra.

James, D. 2006. Secrets of Christmas seabird revealed. World Birdwatch 28(1).

James, D.J. 2003. A survey of Christmas Island Frigatebird nests in 2003.

James, D.J. 2004a. Identification of Christmas Island, Great and Lesser Frigatebirds. BirdingASIA: 22-38.

James, D.J. 2004b. Christmas Island biodiversity monitoring programme. Third Quarterly Report April-June 2004.

James, D.J. and McAllan, I.A.W. 2014. Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi. In The birds of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean: a review. Australian Field Ornithology 31(Supplement 2014): S64-S67.

Morris-Pocock, J.A., Hennicke, J.C. and Friesen, V.L. 2012. Effects of long-term isolation on genetic variation and within-island population genetic structure in Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) seabirds. Conservation Genetics 13: 1469-1481.

Noni, F. 2012. Conservation of Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi in West Java, Indonesia - mid-term report. BirdingASIA 17: 101-103.

Stokes, T. 1988. A review of the birds of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean.

Tirtaningtyas, F., Hennicke, J.C. 2015. Threats to the Critically Endangered Christmas Island Frigatebirds in the Jakarta Bay, Indonesia. Marine Ornithology 43: 137-140.

Tirtaningtyas, F.N. and Yordan, K. 2017. Updating the seabird fauna of Jakarta Bay, Indonesia. Marine Ornithology 45: 11–16.

Vromant, N.; Nguyen Thi Hoai Chau. 2007. Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi: first confirmed observation for Vietnam. BirdingASIA 7: 88-89.

Wardhani, P.K. 2011. Studi Tempat Tenggeran Burung Cikalang di Suaka Margasatwa Pulau Rambut. [Undergrduate Thesis]. Jurusan Biologi, Universitas Negeri Jakarta.

Further resources

Australian Govt - Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000 - Recovery Outline

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

This species has been identified as an Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) trigger - click here for more information

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Fregata andrewsi. Downloaded from on 25/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/10/2021.