Chinstrap Penguin Pygoscelis antarcticus


Barbosa, A., Benzal, J., De León, A., Moreno, J. 2012. Population decline of chinstrap penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica) on Deception Island, South Shetlands, Antarctica. Polar Biology 35: 1453.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261.

Clucas, G.V., Dunn, M.J., Dyke, G.J., Emslie, S.D., Naveen, R., Polito, M.J., Pybus, O.G., Rogers, A.D. and Hart, T. 2014. A reversal of fortunes: climate change ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ in Antarctic Peninsula penguins. Scientific Reports 4: 5024.

Convey, P.; Morton, A.; Poncet, J. 1999. Survey of marine birds and mammals of the South Sandwich Islands. Polar Record 35(193): 107-124.

Croxall, J.P., Kirkwood, E.D. 1979. The distribution of penguins on the Antarctic Peninsula and islands of the Scotia Sea. Balogh Scientific Books.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Dunn, M. J., Jackson, J. A., Adlard, S., Lynnes, A. S., Briggs, D. R., Fox, D., & Waluda, C. M. 2016. Population Size and Decadal Trends of Three Penguin Species Nesting at Signy Island, South Orkney Islands. PLoS ONE 11(10): e0164025.

Forcada, J.; Trathan, P. N. 2009. Penguin responses to climate change in the Southern Ocean. Global Change Biology 15: 1618-1630.

Forcada, J.; Trathan, P. N.; Reid, K.; Murphy, E. J.; Croxall, J. P. 2006. Contrasting population changes in sympatric penguin species in association with climate warming. Global Change Biology 12: 411-423.

Fraser, W.R. 2016. A new survey of the Rosenthal Islands. Report submitted to the U.S. National Science Foundation, Division of Polar Programs, Arlington, VA, USA: 6 pp.

Hinke, J. T., Santos, M. M., Korczak-Abshire, M., Milinevsky, G., Watters, G. M. 2019. Individual variation in migratory movements of chinstrap penguins leads to widespread occupancy of ice-free winter habitats over the continental shelf and deep ocean basins of the Southern Ocean. PLoS ONE 14(12): e0226207.

Hinke, J.T., Cossio, A.M., Goebel, M.E., Reiss, C.S., Trivelpiece, W.Z. and Watters, G.M. 2017. Identifying risk: concurrent overlap of the Antarctic krill fishery with krill-dependent predators in the Scotia Sea. PloS one 1: e0170132.

Hinke, J.T., Polito, M.J., Goebel, M.E., Jarvis, S., Reiss, C.S., Thorrold, S.R., Trivelpiece, W.Z. and Watters, G.M. 2015. Spatial and isotopic niche partitioning during winter in chinstrap and Adélie penguins from the South Shetland Islands. Ecosphere 6(7): 1-32.

Humphries, G. R. W., Naveen, R., Schwaller, M., Che-Castaldo, C., McDowall, P., Schrimpf, M. & Lynch, H. J. 2017. Mapping Application for Penguin Populations and Projected Dynamics (MAPPPD): data and tools for dynamic management and decision support. Polar Record 53(2): 160–166.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Lynch, H.J., Naveen, R. and Fagan, W.F. 2008. Censuses of penguin, blue-eyed shag Phalacrocorax atriceps and southern giant petrel Macronectes giganteus populations on the Antarctic Peninsula, 2001–2007. Marine Ornithology 36: 83-97.

Lynch, H.J., White, R., Naveen, R., Black, A., Meixler, M.S., Fagan W.F. 2016. In stark contrast to widespread declines along the Scotia Arc, a survey of the South Sandwich Islands finds a robust seabird community. Polar Biology 39: 1615–1625.

Lynch, H.J.; Naveen, R.; Trathan, P.N.; Fagan, W.F. 2012. Spatially integrated assessment reveals widespread changes in penguin populations on the Antarctic Peninsula. Ecology 93: 1367-1377.

Naveen, R., H. J. Lynch, S. Forrest, T. Mueller, and M. Polito. 2012. First, complete site-wide penguin survey at Deception Island, Antarctica reveals massive declines consistent with climate change. Polar Biology 35(12): 1879-1888.

Poncet, J. 1997. Distribution and abundance survey of seabirds and seals at the South Sandwich Islands in the Scotia Sea. Unpublished report to the commissioner for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Falkland Islands.

Poncet, S. and Poncet, J. 1985. A survey of penguin breeding populations at the South Orkney Islands. British Antarctic Survey Bulletin 68: 71-81.

Steinberg, D.K.; Ruck, K.E.; Gleiber, M.R.; Garzio, L.M.; Cope, J.S.; Bernard, K.S.; Stammerjohn, S.E.; Schofield, O.M.E.; Quetin, L.B.; Ross, R.M. 2015. Long-term (1993–2013) changes in macrozooplankton off the Western Antarctic Peninsula. Deep Sea Research I 101: 54-70.

Trathan, P. N., Lynch, H. J., & Fraser, W. R. 2019. Changes in penguin distribution over the Antarctic Peninsula and Scotia Arc (Version 2.0). Available at: doi: 10.18124/chrj-g976..

Trathan, P. N., Warwick-Evans, V., Hinke, J. T., Young, E. F., Murphy, E. J., Carneiro, A. P. B., Dias, M. P., Kovacs, K. M., Lowther, A. D., Godo, O. R., Kokubun, N., Kim, J. H., Takahashi, A. & Santos, M. 2018. Managing fishery development in sensitive ecosystems: identifying penguin habitat use to direct management in Antarctica. Ecosphere 9(8): e02392.

Trivelpiece, W., Trivelpiece, S. 2013. The chinstrap penguin. In: Biology and Conservation of the World’s Penguins (eds. P.D. Boersma and P.G. Borboroglu), University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Trivelpiece, W.Z., Hinke, J.T., Miller, A.K., Reiss, C.S., Trivelpiece, S.G. and Watters, G.M. 2011. Variability in krill biomass links harvesting and climate warming to penguin population changes in Antarctica. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(18): 7625-7628.

Warwick-Evans, V., Ratcliffe, N., Lowther, A. D., Manco, F., Ireland, L., Clewlow, H. L., Trathan, P. N. 2018. Using habitat models for chinstrap penguins Pygoscelis antarctica to advise krill fisheries management during the penguin breeding season. Diversity and Distributions 24(12): 1756-1771.

Woehler, E. J.; Cooper, J.; Croxall, J. P.; Fraser, W. R.; Kooyman, G. L.; Miller, G. D.; Nel, D. C.; Patterson, D. L.; Peter, H.-U.; Ribic, S. A.; Salwicka, K.; Trivelpiece, W. Z.; Weimerskirch, H. 2001. A statistical assessment of the status and trends of antarctic and subantarctic seabirds.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Penguin Specialist Group

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Pygoscelis antarcticus. Downloaded from on 22/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/05/2022.