Chinese Crested Tern Thalasseus bernsteini


Anon. 2007. Alarm-call for China's rarest bird. Suara Enggang 15(5): 2-3.

Anon. 2007. Notes from the Chinese Crested Tern Working Group meeting in Taiwan. Pacific Seabirds 34(2): 47.

Anon. 2013. Training workshop for restoration of Chinese Crested tern in Xiangshan, Zhejiang. Hong Kong Bird Watching Society Bulletin 228: 12.

Anon. 2014. A big comeback for Chinese Crested Terns in the Jiushan Islands, China. World Birdwatch 36(3): 8.

Bai, Q. Chen, J., Chen, Z., Dong, G., Dong, J., Dong, W., Fu, V.W.K., Han, Y., Lu, G., Li, J., Liu, Y., Lin, Z., Meng, D., Martinez, J., Ni, G., Shan, K., Sun, R., Tian, S., Wang, F., Xu, Z., Yu, Y., Yang, J., Yang, Z., Zhang, L., Zhang, M., Zeng, X. and Chinese Coastal Waterbird Census Group. 2015. Identification of coastal wetlands of international importance for waterbirds: a review of China Coastal Waterbird Surveys 2005–2013. Avian Research 6(12): 1-16.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International. 2009. Fujian Birdwatchers take Chinese Crested Tern message to schools. Available at:

Candido, E. P. M. 2006. Chinese Crested Tern: observation on juveniles in the Matsu Archipelago of Taiwan. BirdingASIA 6: 34-35.

Chan, S. 2014. Conservation of the Critically Endangered Chinese Crested Tern Sterna bernsteini: Restoration of a Lost Breeding Colony - Preventing Extinctions Programme Final Report. BirdLife International.

Chan, S.; Chen S.; Hsiao-wei, Y. 2010. International Single Species Action Plan for the conservation of the Chinese Crested Tern (Sterna bernsteini). BirdLife International Asia Division & CMS Secretariat, Tokyo & Bonn, Germany.

Chen Lin; He Fenqi. 2011. Are they hybrids of Sterna bergii x Sterna bernsteini? Chinese Birds 2(3): 152-156.

Chen Shuihua, Fan Zhongyong, Chen Cansong, Lu Yiwei. 2011. The Breeding Biology of Chinese Crested Terns in Mixed Species Colonies in Eastern China. Bird Conservation International 21 (3): 266–273.

Chen Shuihua, Yan, Chongwei., Fan, Zhongyong., Chen, Cansong and Zhang, Fangang. 2005. The Breeding Colony of Chinese Crested Tern at Jiushan Archipelago in Zhejiang. Chinese Journal of Zoology 40(1): 96-97.

Chen Shuihua; Fan Zhongyong; Chen Cangsong; Lu Yiwei; Wang Zhongde. 2010. A new breeding site of the Critically Endangered Chinese Crested Tern Sterna bernsteini in the Wuzhishan Archipelago, eastern China. Forktail 26: 132-134.

Chen Shuihua; Fan Zhongyong. 2013. The Chinese Crested Tern (Thalasseus bernsteini). Chinese Journal of Zoology 48(5): 788-789.

Chen Shuihua; Zhang Shou-Hua; Yang Liu; Simba Chan; Fan Zhongyong; Chen Cangsong; Yen Chung-Wei; Guo Dongsheng. 2009. A small population and severe threats: status of the Critically Endangered Chinese Crested Tern Sterna bernsteini. Oryx 43(2): 209-212.

Chen Shuihua. 2007. Chinese Crested Tern (Thalasseus bernsteini) facing extinction. Newsletter of China Ornithological Society 16(2): 40.

Chen Shuihua. 2008. Chinese Crested Tern succeeded in breeding in Wusishan Archipelago, Zhejiang Province. China Crane News 12(2): 34-35.

Chen, S., Fan, Z., Roby, D.D., Lu, Y., Chen, C., Huang, Q., Cheng, L. and Zhu, J. 2015. Human harvest, climate change and their synergistic effects drove the Chinese Crested Tern to the brink of extinction. Global Ecology and Conservation 4: 137-145.

Cheung, F. 2010. Action for the Critical Endangered Chinese Crested Tern. Hong Kong Bird Watching Society Bulletin: 12-13.

Fan Zhongyong, Chen Cansong, Chen Shuihua, Chan Simba, Lu Yiwei. 2011. Breeding seabirds along the Zhejiang coast: diversity, distribution and Conservation. Chinese Birds 4(1): 39-45.

Gill, V. 2010. Committee Reports: Chinese Crested Tern Working Group. Pacific Seabirds 37(1): 19.

Hurrell, S. 2015. Brave efforts pay off in doubly-successful project to restore colonies of Chinese Crested Tern. BirdLife International. Available at: (Accessed: 26/08/2015).

Liu Yang; Guo Dongsheng; Zhang Er; Cai Bofeng. 2009. Regional extirpation of the Critically Endangered Chinese Crested Tern (Thalasseus bernsteini) from the Shandong Coast, China? Waterbirds 32(4): 597-599.

Robson, C. 2011. A wintering Chinese Crested Tern Sterna bernsteini in eastern Indonesia. BirdingASIA 15: 51.

Shou-hwa Chang; Dustin Wang. 2008. Status of the highly endangered Chinese Crested Tern in the Matzu Archipelago of Taiwan. Abstracts, 35th Annual Meeting of the Pacific Seabird Group, Blaine, Washington, 27 Feb - 2 Mar 2008, pp. 54. Little River, CA, USA, Pacific Seabird Group.

Further resources

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.

Species Guardian Action Update

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Thalasseus bernsteini. Downloaded from on 16/11/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 16/11/2018.