Chilean Pigeon Patagioenas araucana


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency medium
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 496,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as 'common' in parts of Chile (del Hoyo et al. 1997).

Trend justification: The species was almost extirpated by Newcastle's Disease in 1954, but has since recovered (del Hoyo et al. 1997).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina extant native yes
Chile extant native yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) extant vagrant yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Argentina El Zurdo
Argentina Extensión Límite Este y Sur del Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi
Argentina Lago La Plata - Fontana
Argentina Nahuel Huapi National Park and Reserve
Argentina Parque Nacional Lago Puelo - Parque Provincial Río Turbio
Argentina Parque Nacional Lanín
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Alerces y Laguna Terraplén
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Glaciares y adyacencias (Estancias El Sosiego, La Soledad y Anita)
Chile Corredor Biológico Nevados de Chillán-Laguna del Laja
Chile Desembocadura del Río Bío-Bío
Chile Desembocadura del Río Itata
Chile Estero del Salto Valley
Chile Humedal de Batuco
Chile Humedal-Estuario Tubul-Raqui
Chile Ibañez River Valley
Chile Isla Guafo
Chile Isla Mocha
Chile La Tapera
Chile Lago Budi
Chile Lago Colbún
Chile Lago Lanalhue
Chile Lago Tarahuin
Chile Laguna San Rafael National Park
Chile Mancopulli
Chile Monumento Natural Cerro Ñielol
Chile Monumento Natural Contulmo
Chile Niebla
Chile Parque Nacional Alerce Andino
Chile Parque Nacional Bosque de Fray Jorge
Chile Parque Nacional Chiloé
Chile Parque Nacional Conguillio
Chile Parque Nacional Huerquehue
Chile Parque Nacional La Campana
Chile Parque Nacional Puyehue
Chile Parque Nacional Vicente Pérez Rosales
Chile Parque Nacional Villarica
Chile Parque Pumalin
Chile Parque Tumbes Talcahuano
Chile Putu
Chile Reserva Nacional Altos de Lircay
Chile Reserva Nacional Nonguén
Chile Salto Rayén
Chile Santuario de la Naturaleza Carlos Anwandter, Sector Guacamayo y otros Sectores Aledaños
Chile Santuario de la Naturaleza Península de Hualpén

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Forest Temperate major resident
Altitude 0 - 1500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Patagioenas araucana. Downloaded from on 30/05/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 30/05/2023.