NT
Chilean Flamingo Phoenicopterus chilensis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A3cd
2014 Near Threatened A3cd
2012 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2008 Near Threatened A2c,d; A3c,d; A4c,d
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass 2277 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,460,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,670,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 25-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 15.3 - - -

Population justification: The population was estimated to number 200,000 individuals by del Hoyo (1992) and Valqui et al. (2000); however, a coordinated census in 2010 found 283,000 individuals, and gave a total population estimate of 300,000 individuals (Marconi et al. 2011).

Trend justification: Recent survey data are not indicative of a decline in the population at present (Marconi et al. 2011); but it is suspected that the population will undergo a moderately rapid decline over the next three generations owing to egg-harvesting, hunting, disturbance and degradation of the species's habitats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Chile N Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) V Extant
Paraguay N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes
Uruguay N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Argentina Area Natural Protegida El Mangrullo
Argentina Bahía de Samborombón y Punta Rasa
Argentina Bajos Submeridionales
Argentina Bañado de Añatuya
Argentina Bañados de Figueroa
Argentina Bañados del Arroyo Chucul y Reserva Natural de Fauna Laguna La Felipa
Argentina Bañados del Río Saladillo
Argentina Bañados del Utis
Argentina Barrancas de Baradero
Argentina Caldenal del Sudoeste de Buenos Aires
Argentina Ceibas
Argentina Comodoro Rivadavia
Argentina Complejo Islote Lobos
Argentina Complejo Punta Tombo - Punta Atlas
Argentina Confluencia, desembocadura y adyacencias de los ríos Chico y Santa Cruz
Argentina El Zurdo
Argentina Estancia El Cóndor
Argentina Estepas arbustivas del Sur de Buenos Aires
Argentina Estuario del Río Coyle
Argentina Estuario del Río Gallegos
Argentina Extensión Límite Este y Sur del Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi
Argentina Laguna de Pradere
Argentina Laguna de Varvarco Campos y Tapia
Argentina Laguna El Peinado
Argentina Laguna Grande
Argentina Laguna Guayatayoc
Argentina Laguna La Alumbrera
Argentina Laguna Los Enamorados
Argentina Laguna Melincué
Argentina Laguna Nimez y costa aledaña del Lago Argentino
Argentina Laguna Purulla
Argentina Lagunas de Guanacache
Argentina Lagunas del suroeste y relictos del Caldenal
Argentina Lagunas Encadenadas del Oeste de la Provincia de Buenos Aires
Argentina Lagunas Runtuyoc - Los Enamorados
Argentina Lagunas San Miguel y El Sauce
Argentina Lagunillas
Argentina Luracatao y Valles Calchaquíes
Argentina Meseta de Somuncura Provincial Natural Protected Area
Argentina Meseta del Asador (o Aguila)
Argentina Meseta Lago Buenos Aires
Argentina Meseta Lago Strobel
Argentina Monumento Natural Bosques Petrificados y Estancia El Cuadro
Argentina Monumento Natural Laguna de Los Pozuelos
Argentina Norte del Golfo San Jorge
Argentina Parque Costero del Sur
Argentina Parque Nacional Laguna Blanca
Argentina Parque Nacional Lihue Calel
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Alerces y Laguna Terraplén
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Cardones
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Glaciares y adyacencias (Estancias El Sosiego, La Soledad y Anita)
Argentina Parque Nacional Perito Moreno y Reserva Provincial San Lorenzo
Argentina Parque Provincial Cumbres Calchaquíes
Argentina Península y Bahía de San Julián
Argentina Reserva Campos del Tuyú, Estancia El Palenque y Los Ingleses
Argentina Reserva de Biosfera Albufera de Mar Chiquita
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple de Bahía Blanca, Bahía Falsa y Bahía Verde
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple San Blas y Refugio de Vida silvestre Complementario
Argentina Reserva Natural de La Angostura
Argentina Reserva Natural Otamendi, Reserva Provincial Río Lujan y alrededores
Argentina Reserva Natural Punta Lara
Argentina Reserva Provincial Aleusco
Argentina Reserva Provincial de Uso Múltiple Laguna Leandro
Argentina Reserva Provincial de Usos Múltiples Federico Wildermuth
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna Brava
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna de Llancanelo
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna Salada Grande
Argentina Reserva Provincial Olaroz-Cauchari
Argentina Reserva Provincial Parque Luro
Argentina Reserva Provincial Tromen
Argentina Reserva Provincial y de la Biosfera Laguna Blanca
Argentina Salar del Hombre Muerto
Argentina Salinas de Ambargasta
Argentina Salinas Grandes
Argentina San Antonio Oeste
Argentina Sistema de Lagunas Los Aparejos, Azul y Negra
Argentina Sistema de lagunas de Vilama-Pululos
Argentina Sistema Península de Valdés
Argentina Socompá-Llullaillaco
Argentina Sur de Ramallo
Argentina Valle del Río Collón Curá
Argentina Valle del río Paraguay-Paraná
Argentina Valle Fluvial del Río Paraguay
Argentina Victorica
Argentina Villa Iris, Chasicó, Napostá
Argentina Villa marítima El Cóndor
Argentina Vuelta de Obligado
Bolivia Lago Poopó y Río Laka Jahuira
Bolivia Lago Titicaca (Sector Boliviano)
Bolivia Lagunas de Agua Dulce del Sureste de Potosí
Bolivia Lagunas Salinas del Suroeste de Potosí
Bolivia Parque Nacional Sajama
Bolivia Reserva Biológica Cordillera de Sama
Bolivia Yungas Superiores de Apolobamba
Brazil Banhado do Taim
Brazil Estuário da Laguna dos Patos
Brazil Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe
Chile Bahía de Putemun
Chile Bahía de Quinchao
Chile Bahía Lomas
Chile Baker River Wetlands
Chile Chacabuco Valley and Baker River Entrance
Chile Corredor Biológico Nevados de Chillán-Laguna del Laja
Chile Coyahique Alto-Coite
Chile Desembocadura del Río Itata
Chile Desembocadura Río Mataquito
Chile Estuario de Maullín y Cerro Amortajado
Chile Humedal El Yali
Chile Laguna del Negro Francisco y Laguna Santa Rosa
Chile Lenqui
Chile Marisma Buque Quemado
Chile Monumento Natural Laguna de los Cisnes
Chile Parque Nacional Lauca
Chile Parque Nacional Salar de Huasco
Chile Parque Nacional Torres del Paine
Chile Parque Nacional Volcán Isluga
Chile Pingüinera del Seno Otway
Chile Pollolla Lagoon
Chile Reserva Nacional Los Flamencos - Soncor
Chile Salar de Pujsa
Chile Salar de Tara
Chile Santuario de las Aves Bahía de Caulín
Chile Sistema Quetalmahue, Quilo y Mar Brava
Chile Source of Huemules River
Ecuador Lagunas de Ecuasal-Salinas
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Manglares-Churute
Paraguay Laguna Ganzo
Paraguay Lagunas Saladas - Riacho Yacaré
Paraguay Parque Nacional Tinfunqué - Estero Patiño
Peru Cotahuasi
Peru Humedales de Chimbote
Peru Lago de Junín
Peru Lago Lagunillas
Peru Lago Parinacochas
Peru Laguna Chacchura
Peru Laguna El Paraíso
Peru Laguna Maquera
Peru Ramis y Arapa (Lago Titicaca, sector Peruano)
Peru Reserva Nacional de Paracas
Peru Reserva Nacional Pampa Galeras
Peru Reserva Nacional Salinas y Aguada Blanca
Uruguay Castillos Lagoon
Uruguay Garzón Lagoon
Uruguay José Ignacio Lagoon
Uruguay Rocha Lagoon

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major breeding
Altitude 0 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Phoenicopterus chilensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2017.