LC
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnia malabarica



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Sturnia malabarica (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously listed as Sturnus malabaricus.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 9,770,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 8,720,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.4 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as fairly common below 1370 m in Nepal, locally common in India, frequent in Bhutan, common in Bangladesh and rare in Sri Lanka (Grimmett et al. 1998), while the population in Taiwan has been estimated at < c.100 introduced breeding pairs (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population trend is difficult to determine because of uncertainty over the impacts of habitat modification on population sizes.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes
Cambodia N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) V Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka V Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Vietnam U Minh Thuong
Laos Mekong River from Luang Prabang to Vientiane
Laos Nam Et
Cambodia Chhep
Laos Dong Khanthung
Laos Xe Kong Plains
Laos Nakai Plateau
Nepal Barandabhar forests and wetlands
Nepal Bardia National Park
Nepal Dang Deukhuri foothill forests and west Rapti wetlands
Nepal Chitwan National Park
Nepal Ghodaghodi Lake
Nepal Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage
Nepal Farmlands in Lumbini area
Nepal Parsa Wildlife Reserve
India Karnala Bird Sanctuary
India Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary
India Navelim wetland
India Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary
India Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
India Pench Tiger Reserve
India Mahendri Reserve Forest
India Papikonda National Park
India Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve
India Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary
India North Karanpura Valley
India Tilaiya Dam
India Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary and Maniyari Reservoir
India Amboli-Tilari Reserve Forest

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Sturnia malabarica. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020.