Cebu Brown-dove Phapitreron frontalis

Family: Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)

Authority: (Bourns & Worcester, 1894)

Red List Category

Criteria: C2a(i,ii); D

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Justification of Red List category
This recently-split dove has not been recorded with certainty since 1892, and any remaining population must be tiny and is inferred to be declining owing to the effects of ongoing habitat loss and degradation. It has therefore been listed as Critically Endangered, but following a possible sighting in 2004 and several reports between 2007-2012 it cannot be categorised as Extinct or tagged as Possibly Extinct until further searches have been carried out.

Population size: 1-49

Population trend: Decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 550 km2

Country endemic: Yes

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Phapitreron frontalis. Downloaded from on 23/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/10/2020.