LC
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Aquila africana (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously listed as A. africanus.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,430,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 670-6700 poor estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 18.5 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated to number 1,000-10,000 individuals, roughly equating to 670-6,700 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant Yes
Burundi N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Congo N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Kenya V Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Angola Camabatela
Burundi Kibira National Park
Cameroon Bakossi mountains
Cameroon Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary
Cameroon Boumba - Bek
Cameroon Campo Ma'an complex
Cameroon Dja Faunal Reserve
Cameroon Korup National Park
Cameroon Lobéké National Park
Cameroon Mbam Minkom - Kala
Cameroon Mont Manengouba
Cameroon Mont Nlonako
Cameroon Mount Cameroon and Mokoko-Onge
Cameroon Mount Kupe
Cameroon Mount Mbam
Cameroon Mount Oku
Cameroon Mount Rata and Rumpi Hills Forest Reserve
Cameroon Nki
Cameroon Yabassi
Central African Republic Ngotto
Congo Conkouati National Park
Congo Dimonika Biosphere Reserve
Congo Lake Télé Community Reserve
Congo Lower Kouilou basin
Congo Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex
Congo Odzala National Park complex
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Lomako - Yekokora
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Luki Forest Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Mount Hoyo Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Ngiri
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Okapi Faunal Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Salonga National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Lamto Ecological Research Station
Côte d'Ivoire Marahoue National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Parc National de Taï et Réserve de faune du N'Zo
Côte d'Ivoire Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves
Equatorial Guinea Monte Alen National Park
Gabon Gamba Protected Areas Complex
Gabon Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve
Gabon Lopé Faunal Reserve
Gabon Minkébé Forest Reserve
Ghana Ankasa Resource Reserve - Nini-Sushien National Park
Ghana Kakum National Park - Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve
Ghana Kyabobo (proposed) National Park
Ghana Tano-Ehuro Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Offin Forest Reserve
Guinea Massif du Ziama
Liberia Grebo
Liberia Lofa-Gola-Mano Complex
Liberia Nimba mountains
Liberia Wologizi mountains
Liberia Wonegizi mountains
Liberia Zwedru
Nigeria Afi River Forest Reserve
Nigeria Biseni forests
Nigeria Cross River National Park (Oban Division)
Nigeria Donga river basin forests
Nigeria Gashaka-Gumti National Park
Nigeria Okomu National Park
Nigeria Upper Orashi forests
Rwanda Nyungwe National Park
Sierra Leone Gola Forests
Sierra Leone Kambui Hills Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Kangari Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Tingi Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Western Area Peninsula Forest National Park
Togo Fazao-Malfakassa National Park
Uganda Budongo Forest Reserve
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Uganda Kasyoha-Kitomi Forest Reserve
Uganda Kibale National Park
Uganda Mabira Forest Reserve
Uganda Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Aquila africana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/11/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/11/2019.