LC
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 77 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,120,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 13,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2016
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.8 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated at 40,000-55,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2016).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction (del Hoyo et al. 1996). The species became regionally extinct in Europe after 1980 (BirdLife International 2015). Populations in the core of the range are thought to be fairly stable (Wiersma et al. 2016).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant
Australia V Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon V Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) V Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Cyprus V Extant
Djibouti V Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Eswatini V Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
France V Extant
Gabon V Extant
Germany V Extant
Greece V Extant
India V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant
Maldives V Extant
Mali V Extant
Malta V Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nigeria V Extant
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania V Extant
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) V Extant
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone V Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Turkey V Extant
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Kenya Lake Turkana
Namibia Etosha National Park
Namibia Tsumkwe pan system
Tanzania Lake Manyara
Tanzania Serengeti National Park
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Tanzania Singida lakes
Tanzania Longido Game Controlled Area
Zambia Liuwa Plain National Park
Zambia Barotse Floodplains
Zambia Kafue Flats
Zambia Kafue National Park
Zambia Bangweulu Swamps
Iran, Islamic Republic of Incheh Borun lake and marshes
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iraq Attariya Plains
Kazakhstan Zhusandala
Kazakhstan Arys-Karaktau State Reserved Zone
Uzbekistan Saiga Nature Sanctuary
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Sagyz
Uzbekistan Sarykamysh lake and surrounding Ustyurt Plateau
Kazakhstan Caspian Sea shore between Volga and Ural River Deltas
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable passage
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Charadrius asiaticus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/09/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/09/2020.