Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type Average mass 20 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,330,000 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals 500000-4999999 poor suspected 2019
Population trend decreasing suspected -
Generation length (years) 3.53 - - -

Population justification: The global population is suspected to number 500,000-4,999,999 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2019).

Trend justification: The species is undergoing a small decline (Partners in Flight 2019).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) extant native yes
Antigua and Barbuda extant native yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) extant native yes
Barbados extant native yes
Belize extant native yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) extant native yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) extant native yes
Colombia extant native yes
Curaçao (to Netherlands) extant native yes
Dominica extant native yes
Grenada extant native yes
Guadeloupe (to France) extant native yes
Martinique (to France) extant native yes
Mexico extant native yes
Montserrat (to UK) extant native yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) extant native yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) extant native yes
St Barthelemy (to France) extant native yes
St Kitts and Nevis extant native yes
St Lucia extant native yes
St Martin (to France) extant native yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines extant native yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) extant native yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Klein Bonaire, Bonaire
Antigua and Barbuda Fitches Creek Bay
Antigua and Barbuda Valley Church Bay
Antigua and Barbuda Potworks Dam
Antigua and Barbuda Bethesda Dam
Dominica Point Des Foux
St Lucia Castries and Dennery Waterworks Reserve and Marquis
St Lucia Iyanola and Grande Anses, Esperance and Fond D'ors
St Lucia Pitons (Qualibou and Canaries)
St Lucia Mandelé Protected Landscape
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Virgin Islands (to USA) Magens Bay
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Anguilla (to UK) Long Salt Pond
Virgin Islands (to UK) Anegada: Western salt ponds and coastal areas
Anguilla (to UK) Grey Pond
Cayman Islands (to UK) Bluff Forest
Cayman Islands (to UK) Booby Pond Nature Reserve
Cayman Islands (to UK) Botanic Park and Salina Reserve
Cayman Islands (to UK) Eastern Dry Forest
Cayman Islands (to UK) Frank Sound Forest
Cayman Islands (to UK) Franklin's Forest
Cayman Islands (to UK) Mastic Reserve
Cayman Islands (to UK) Sparrowhawk Hill
Virgin Islands (to USA) Virgin Islands National Park
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Lac Bay, Bonaire
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Washington-Slagbaai National Park, Bonaire
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Malpais-St Michiel
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Dos Pos, Bonaire
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Boven, Sint Eustatius
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Saba
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) The Quill, Sint Eustatius
Curaçao (to Netherlands) North-east Curaçao parks and coast, Curaçao
Virgin Islands (to UK) Great Tobago
Virgin Islands (to UK) Green Cay
Antigua and Barbuda Wallings Forest
Antigua and Barbuda Christian Valley
Antigua and Barbuda Codrington Lagoon and the Creek
Grenada Woodlands of Grenada
Grenada Woodford
Grenada Perseverance
Grenada Mount Hartman
Grenada Beausejour / Grenville Vale
Grenada Grand Etang
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Fresh Pond, Sint Maarten
Anguilla (to UK) Scrub Island
Montserrat (to UK) Northern Forested Ghauts
Montserrat (to UK) Centre Hills
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Fort Amsterdam, Sint Maarten
Barbados Graeme Hall Swamp
St Martin (to France) Tintamarre
St Martin (to France) Pic Paradis
St Martin (to France) Grand Etang
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Little Bay, Sint Maarten
St Vincent and the Grenadines Richmond Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Cumberland Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Dalaway (Buccament) Watershed
St Vincent and the Grenadines Campden Park Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Botanic Gardens Natural Landmark
St Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines King's Hill Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Colonarie Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mount Pleasant Forest Reserve
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Washikemba - Fontein - Onima, Bonaire
Guadeloupe (to France) Forestry massif of Basse-Terre island
Guadeloupe (to France) îlets de la Petite-Terre
Guadeloupe (to France) Grand Cul-de-Sac Marin's eastern coastline
Guadeloupe (to France) Pointe des Châteaux
Martinique (to France) Presqu'île de la Caravelle
Martinique (to France) Pitons du Carbet
Martinique (to France) Grand Macabou
Martinique (to France) Mangrove de Fort de France
Martinique (to France) Massif forestier entre Le Diamant et les Trois-Îlets
Martinique (to France) Forêts du Nord et de la Montagne Pelée
Puerto Rico (to USA) Guaniquilla and Boquerón
Puerto Rico (to USA) Sierra Bermeja and Laguna Cartagena
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste
Puerto Rico (to USA) Karso del Sur
Puerto Rico (to USA) Jobos Bay
Puerto Rico (to USA) Ceiba and Naguabo
Puerto Rico (to USA) Vieques
Anguilla (to UK) Cauls Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Road Salt Pond
Anguilla (to UK) West End Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Forest Bay Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Merrywing Pond System
Anguilla (to UK) Katouche Bay Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Mimi Bay
Anguilla (to UK) Katouche Canyon

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Elaenia martinica. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023.