Cardinal Myzomela Myzomela cardinalis


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 2,500,000 km2
Severely fragmented? no -
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size unknown - - -
Population trend decreasing - suspected -
Generation length 6 years - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as Common throughout its range (Doughty et al. 1999).

Trend justification: This population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction (Stattersfield et al. 1998).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
American Samoa extant native yes
New Caledonia (to France) extant native yes
Samoa extant native yes
Solomon Islands extant native yes
Vanuatu extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Solomon Islands Vanikoro
Solomon Islands East Rennell
New Caledonia (to France) Île d'Ouvéa
Samoa Aleipata Marine Protected Area
Samoa Apia Catchments
Samoa Central Savaii Rainforest
Vanuatu Vanua Lava, Mount Sereama
Vanuatu Gaua
American Samoa National Park of American Samoa - Tutuila
Vanuatu Tongoa - Laika
Vanuatu Vatthe
Vanuatu Santo Mountain Chain
Vanuatu Ambae
Vanuatu Ambrym West

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Myzomela cardinalis. Downloaded from on 05/12/2023.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 05/12/2023.