Cape Parrot Poicephalus robustus


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Coetzer, W.G., Downs, C.T, Perrin, M.R. and Willows-Munro, S. 2019. Influence of historical and contemporary habitat changes on the population genetics of the endemic South African parrot Poicephalus robustus. . Bird Conservation International: 1-24.

Collar, N. & Boesman, P. 2017. Brown-necked Parrot (Poicephalus robustus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Available at:

Collar, N. J.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2017. Is the Cape Parrot a species or subspecies, and does it matter to CITES? Bull. ABC 24(2): 156-170.

Downs, C. T. 2015. Cape Parrot Poicephalus robustus. In: Taylor, M. R.; Peacock, F.; Wanless, R. W. (ed.), The 2015 Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland , pp. 143-145. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Downs, C. T.; Singh, P. 2016. 19th Annual Parrot Count – Report on the 2016 Cape Parrot Big Birding Day. Hogsback Times. Available at:

Downs, C.T., Pfeiffer, M. and Hart, L.A. 2014. Fifteen years of annual Cape Parrot Poicephalus robustus censuses: current population trends and conservation contributions. Ostrich 85(3): 273-280.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Snyder, N.; McGowan, P.; Gilardi, J.; Grajal, A. 2000. Parrots: status survey and conservation action plan 2000-2004. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Wimberger, K., Carstens, K.F., Carstens, J.C., and Boyes, R.S. 2018. Nest boxes for Cape Parrots Poicephalus robustus in the Hogsback area, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Ostrich 89(1): 79-85.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Poicephalus robustus. Downloaded from on 13/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 13/08/2022.