LC
California Towhee Melozone crissalis



References

Benedict, L., Kunzmann, M. R., Ellison, K., Purcell, L., Johnson, R. R., Haight, L. T. 2020. California Towhee (Melozone crissalis), version 1.0. Ithaca, NY, USA. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.caltow.01.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 08 December 2022).

Meehan, T. D., LeBaron, G. S., Dale, K., Krump, A., Michel, N. L., Wilsey, C. B. 2020. Abundance trends of birds wintering in the USA and Canada, from Audubon Christmas Bird Counts, 1966-2019, version 3.0. New York, USA. National Audubon Society, New York.

Pardieck, K. L.; Ziolkowski Jr., D. J.; Lutmerding, M.; Hudson, M. A. R. 2018. North American Breeding Bird Survey Dataset 1966 - 2019, version 2020.0. U.S. Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center.

Partners in Flight. 2022. Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2022. Available at: https://pif.birdconservancy.org/avian-conservation-assessment-database-scores/.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Melozone crissalis. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/california-towhee-melozone-crissalis on 05/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 05/03/2024.