Cabot's Tragopan Tragopan caboti


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - C2a(i)

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2020 Vulnerable C2a(i)
2016 Vulnerable C2a(i)
2012 Vulnerable C2a(i)
2008 Vulnerable C2a(i)
2006 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 518,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2500-9999 medium estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 20-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 20-29 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 1-89 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.6 - - -

Population justification: A population estimate of c.9,300 individuals has been derived from analysis of records and surveys by BirdLife International (2001) and the national wildlife survey of China (1995-2000), although Brazil (2009) estimated far fewer: <100 breeding pairs. Within Wuyanling reserve, population density was thought to have declined from 7.1 birds/km2 in late 1980's to 0.9 birds/km2 in 2002-2003 (Wen-hong Deng et al. 2005). It is placed in the band 2,500-9,999 mature individuals, equivalent to 3,750-14,999 individuals, rounded here to 3,500-15,000 individuals. However, it may number fewer than 5,000 mature individuals (Dong et al. 2010, Zhang Zhengwang in litt. 2012).

Trend justification: There is evidence that protected areas are effective at protecting this species and maintaining population numbers. However, within Wuyanling Nature Reserve, tragopan density declined from 7.1 per km2 in the late 1980s to 0.9 per km2 in 2002-2003 (Wen-hong Deng et al. 2005), and the species is suffering from habitat conversion and hunting pressure outside of protected areas, thus it is thought to be undergoing a moderately rapid decline.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
China (mainland) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
China (mainland) Wuyi Shan Nature Reserve (Jiangxi)
China (mainland) Jinggang Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Tianmen Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Ziyun Wanfeng Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Huangsang Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Bamian Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Dupangling Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jiuyi Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Mangshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Baiyun Forest Park
China (mainland) Jiulong Shan Nature Reserve (Zhejiang)
China (mainland) Shiyang Forest Park
China (mainland) Fengyang Shan - Baishanzu Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Wuyanling Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Wuyi Shan Nature Reserve (Fujian)
China (mainland) Wanmulin Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Longqi Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Meihua Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Chebaling Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Babao Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Chengjia Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Nankun Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Mao'er Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Tianping Shan
China (mainland) Haiyangshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Yindian Shan and Xiling Shan ranges
China (mainland) Jiaqiaoling Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Gupo Shan
China (mainland) Huashuichong Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jiulianshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jiulingshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Guanshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Matoushan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Nanling mountains
China (mainland) Suichuan

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate major resident
Altitude 600 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations - Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Competition, Reduced reproductive success

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Tragopan caboti. Downloaded from on 20/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 20/03/2023.